The Development of Professional Identity and Professional Mentality of Youth




Professionalization, professional self-determination, identity, social identity, professional identity, types of professional identity, professional mentality.


This article represents a theoretical analysis, systematization and generalization of the views of various scholars on understanding the content, structure and development of professional identity and professional mentality of university youth in the process of vocational training. It is proved that the current social, political, economic situation has led to the blurring of the guidelines necessary for both personal and professional self-determination, and as a consequence, the problem of finding professional identity is extremely important for modern young people. Professional identity is considered as a dynamic creation that includes a well-established, consistent, real and ideal professional image of the self, providing self-realization, development, inner integrity, personality determination, adequacy and stability of its self-concept regardless of situation changes, identity with profession and professional community, mature solution of professional tasks. It is shown that the content-forming goal of professional education, the result of professionalization is the development of a special professional mentality of the future specialist, which determines the peculiarities of perception of professionally significant objects, professional social attitudes and values of the individual and becomes a special form of their life and deep existence.

Author Biography

Olena Kriukova, Kyiv National Linguistic University

Philosophy of education,  Cross-cultural psychology, Educational psychology


Adams, K., Hean, S., Sturgis, P., & Clark, J. M. (2006). Investigating the factors influencing professional identity of first-year health and social care students. Learning in Health and Social Care, 5(2), 55-68. doi:10.1111/j.1473-6861.2006.00119.x

Ageev, V. S., & Tolmasova, A.K. (2003). The theory of social identity and its empirical verifications. Samara: BAHRAH-M Publishing House.

Annenkova, N. V. (2004). Dynamics of the correlation between the phenomenon of adolescent egocentrism and the formation of identity: dissertation, PhD in Psychology. Moscow: Moscow City Psychological and Pedagogical University.

Berger, P., & Lukman, T. (1995). Social construction of reality: a treatise on the sociology of knowledge. Moscow: Medium.

Bodrov, V. A. (2006). Psychology of professional activity. Theoretical and applied problems. Moscow: Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences.

Chupina, V. B., Gavrilenko, L. S., & Serdyuk, T. I. (2015). Study of the professional mentality ofa medical university students. Modern problems of science and education, 6. URL:

Cooley, C. H. (2000). Human nature and social order. Moscow: Idea-Press.

Dobrenkov, V. I. (1996). American Sociological Thought: R. Merton, J. Mead, T. Parsons, A. Schutz. Moscow: International University of Business and Management.

Durkheim, E. (1991). On the division of social labor. Method of sociology. Moscow: Science.

Durkheim, E. (1997). The Division of Labour in Society. Trans. W. D. Halls, intro. NewYork: FreePress.

Elman, N. S., Illfelder-Kaye, J., &Robiner, W. N. (2005). Professional Development: Training for Professionalism as a Foundation for Competent Practice in Psychology. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 36(4), 367–375.

Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: Youth and crisis. New York: W. W. Norton Company.

Erikson, E. (1996). Identity: youth and crisis. Moscow: Progress Publishing Group.

Ermolaeva, E. P. (2001). Professional identity and marginalism: concept and reality. Psychological Journal, 22 (4), 51-59.

Giddens, E. (2005). The structure of society: An essay on the theory of structuring. Moscow: Academic Project.

Habermas, J. (2002). Nations and nationalism. Moscow: Praxis.

Havighurst, R. J. (1953). Human development and education. New York: Longmans, Green.

Hjell, L., & Ziegler, D. (2005). Theories of personality. SPb: Peter.

Hoffman, I. (2000). Self-presentation to others in everyday life. Moscow: Canon Press.

Huntington, S. (2004). Who are we? Challenges of American national identity. Moscow: AST, Transit Book.

Isaeva, D. A. (2013). Peculiarities of personal and professional identity in adolescence and early adulthood. Bulletin of St. Petersburg University, 12 (2), 78-85.

Kartushina, I. G. (2006). Formation of professional mentality of the engineer on the organization of transportations and management in transport: the axiological approach. Bulletin of the I. Kant Baltic Federal University. Series: Philology, Pedagogy, Psychology, 5, 66-69.

Klimenko, E. A. (2018). Structural and substantive components of the professional mentality of the teacher. St. Petersburg Educational Bulletin, 1, 36-39.

Kovalenko, A. B., &Bezverkha, K. S. (2017). Social identity as a mechanism of personality adaptation during a social crisis. Ukrainian Psychological Journal, 1 (3), 48-62.

Kisla, G. O. (2015). Identities of Ukrainian students as a factor in constructing interethnic relations. International Scientific Forum: Sociology, Psychology, Pedagogy, Management, 19 (20), 37-51.

Litvinchuk, O. (2011). Social and personal identity: socio-philosophical analysis. Proceedings. Philosophy Series, 8, 195-202.

Malyutina, T. V. (2014). Professional identity, its structure and components. Omsk Scientific Bulletin, 5 (132), 149-152.

Marcia, J. E. (1980). Identity in adolescence. In J. Adelson (Ed.). Handbook of adolescent psychology. New York.

Markova, A. K. (1996). Psychology of professionalism. Moscow: International Humanitarian Foundation "Knowledge".

Mead, J. (1996). American sociological thought. Moscow.

Nor-Arevyan, O. A., &Shapovalova, A. M. (2016). Factors in the formation of professional identity. The Humanities of the South of Russia, 21 (5), 102-113.

Oborina, D. V. (1994). On the peculiarities of the mentality of future teachers and psychologists. Bulletin of Moscow University. Psychology Series, 2, 42.

Parsons, T. (1998). The system of modern societies. Moscow: Aspect-Press.

Povarenkov, Y. P. (2002). Psychological content of a person's professional development. Moscow: URAO.

Samoukina, N.V. (2003). Psychology of professional activity. SPb.: Peter.

Sapogova, E. (2018). Professional mentality and professional identity in teaching psychological counseling. International Conference on Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, dedicated to the memory of F. E.Vasylyuk. Moscow: FBSSE "Psychological Institute of RAS".

Tolstykh, N. N. (2016). Social psychology of development. Moscow: Yurayt Publishing House.

Schneider, L. B. (2001). Professional identity. Monograph. Moscow: MOSU.

Shtrikova, D. B. (2012). The phenomenon of female professional mentality. Modern problems of science and education, 3. URL:

Yadov, V. A. (1995). Social and socio-psychological mechanisms of formation of social identity of the person. World of Russia, 3 (4), 158–181.

Zeer, E. F. (2003). Psychology of professions. Moscow: Academic Project.




How to Cite

Kriukova, O., & Reva, M. (2020). The Development of Professional Identity and Professional Mentality of Youth. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 9(4), 87-97.