Journal of History Culture and Art Research 2024-05-15T10:17:14+03:00 Prof. Dr. Sinan Yılmaz Open Journal Systems <div id="cfptitle"> </div><div> </div><div> </div> The Pompeii Column: The Lost Monument of Istanbul 2024-02-27T13:07:46+03:00 Elif Kaya Ateş Nazende Yılmaz <p>This study analyzes information from German travel books to unveil the Pompeii Column, constructed in the Byzantine capital but reportedly torn down at the end of the 17th century. The written descriptions of the travelers and the engravings and maps drawn by the artists accompanying them provide comprehensive details about the ruined works. Firstly, the location of Öreke Rocks near Rumeli Feneri, the site of the Pompeii Column, is examined in terms of mythology and the legends surrounding it. The details of the votive altar and the column are presented in this context. Travel books authored by German-speaking travelers who saw the structure's appearance during their visit to Istanbul in the 16th and 17th centuries were studied in-depth for a thorough examination. Through these accounts, it seeks to gather novel data on the Pompeii Column, which has not survived to the present day and has not received thorough study yet. Travelers made this trip despite the challenging conditions because they wanted to see and study the Pompeii Column and maybe even have their names etched on it. Upon compiling the data from German travel books, it becomes evident that the Pompei Column is a Byzantine-era signal column and an ancient altar as a base situated on the largest of the rocks known as Öreke Rocks, a short distance from Rumeli Feneri. The single piece of White marble column is composed of three distinct components stacked on top of one another. The top of the column is shaped like a wreath, while the middle section and base are diverse from the upper piece.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of History Culture and Art Research A Feminist Stylistic Study 2024-02-16T10:40:36+03:00 Ghazal AlSakkaf A. Serdar Öztürk <p>The current study aims to investigate the depiction of women in English fiction through the choice of transitivity. It also intends to prove that female writings can be interpreted in terms of gender bias in literary language. To fulfill those two aims, a contemporary English novel is selected as a sample. It is Brick Lane by the English novelist Monica Ali. The study uses two methods of analysis, quantitative and qualitative. Quantitatively, Wmatrix, a software, is used to sort out the number of transitive and intransitive processes that are mostly used in the text. Then, the occurrences and frequencies of the processes are calculated to find out who scores higher ratios of being initiators or actors and who scores less ratios of being goals or receivers, males, or females. Qualitatively, the findings of the calculations are interpreted in terms of activity and passivity. Results show that female characters score fewer ratios of being initiators or doers for most of the processes than male characters, particularly in performing intentional material processes. Instead, they appear more in the position of receivers and goals for most of processes. So, females are represented as less active than male characters in this novel. The study attributes those results to social and cultural factors. </p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of History Culture and Art Research