A Comparative Study of the Application of Passive Defense Strategies from the Perspective of Urban Design at International Airports: International Airports of Ben-Gurion, Munich and Singapore Changi

Hoda Ghanbarpour, Mohammad Hassan Ataee Kachoee, Mahtab Nezafat

Özet


Billions are spent every year to construct vital infrastructures around the world. On the other hand, we witness terrorist crimes and the killing of innocent people and causing serious physical and psychological damages to them every day in every corner of the world. Unfortunately, today this trend has not been stopped and likely will continue. So, due to the fact that the most important issue in urban design is human and the most important goal is to create safe and stable places for them, it can be concluded that in critical infrastructure such as airports, which are a priority to strategies to deal with terrorist threats, public areas vulnerabilities against terrorist threats have to be investigated to understand the weaknesses of the target infrastructures. So, determining its attractiveness for the invasion, civil defense measures can be taken to reduce vulnerability. In this regard, urban design principles should be applied to reduce the blast effects and to minimize the damage in the public areas of airports. In this study, by implementing an analytical-descriptive methodology, we attempt to identify urban design guidelines resistant to terrorist bombings in public areas of airport environments. The findings of this study show that in achieving terrorist blast-resistant urban design, deployment of strategies in the field of building components, atmosphere, design, and urban landscape will reduce the vulnerability of airports.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Passive defense, Urban design, Airport environments, Terrorist explosion.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Andalib, Ali Reza & Matoof, Sharif (2009). Passive Defense Measures in Preparation of Border Areas.

Asgharian Jeddi, Ahmad (2007). The Architectural Requirements of Civil Defense. Tehran: Beheshti University.

Ataei Kachuei, Mohammad Hassan (2015). Vulnerability Assessment of Civilian Airport of the Country against Threats and Offering Harm Reduction Strategies-Case Study: Tehran Imam Khomeini International Airport. Master thesis, Tehran: Malek Ashtar University.

Bahreini, Sayed Hussain (2006). Urban design process, (3rd ed.). Tehran: Tehran University Press.

Center of Tehran urban planning, management of urban landscape with sustainability perspective (2010). The Center for Studies and Planning in Tehran, No: Nineteenth.

Gharakhlou, Mahdi & Hosseini, Seyed Hadi (2006). Indices of sustainable urban development. Journal of Geography and Regional Development, 8.

Golkar, Kurosh (1999). Exploring the Definition of Urban Design. Architecture and urban development research center.

Jalali Farahani, Golamreza (2011). Passive Defense in Underground Structures. Tehran: Passive Defense Organization.

Saffarzadeh, Mahmoud & Masumi, Golamreza (2004). Airport Planning and Design. Volume I, Second Edition, Publications and Research Center of Institute of Management and Planning Organization of Iran, Tehran.

Setareh, Ali Akbar (2011). Risk management in Passive Defense. Malek Ashtar University Press.

Wells, Alexander T. & Young, Seth (2004). Airport Planning and Management, (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Ziari, Karamatallah (2001). Defense planning and urban shelter. Seffe magazine, 32. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University, School of Architecture.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v6i3.983

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2017 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2147-0626