Umayyad Relations with Byzantium Empire

Mansoor Haidari

Özet


This research investigates the political and military relations between Umayyad caliphates with the Byzantine Empire. The aim of this research is to clarify Umayyad caliphate’s relations with the Byzantine Empire. We know that these relations were mostly about war and fight. Because there were always intense conflicts between Muslims and the Byzantine Empire, they had to have an active continuous diplomacy to call truce and settle the disputes. Thus, based on the general policy of the Umayyad caliphs, Christians were severely ignored and segregated within Islamic territories. This segregation of the Christians was highly affected by political relationships. It is worthy of mentioning that Umayyad caliphs brought the governing style of the Sassanid kings and Roman Caesar into the Islamic Caliphate system but they didn’t establish civil institutions and administrative organizations.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Umayyad Caliphates, Umayyad era, Byzantine Empire, Foreign relationship, Muslim-Christian relations.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Baynes, N. G. (2007). Byzantium: An Introduction to East Roman Civilization. Baynes Press.

Ibn Alasir (1980). Alkamil fi Tarikh. Tehran: Elmi va Farhangi.

Ibn Khaldoun (1984). Ibn-i Khaldoun History. Tehran: Cultural studies and research.

Ibn Raste (1986). Alalagh al-Nafise. Tehran: Amir Kabir.

Ibn Alebri (1985). Tarikh Mokhtasar. Tehran: Ittelaat.

Ibn Alfora (1947). Safiran. Tehran: Enghelab Eslami education.

Balazari, A. (1988). Fotouh al-Baladan. Tehran: Noghreh.

Ibn Maskouyeh Razi (1988). Tajareb al-Omam. Tehran: Soroush.

Zeidan, G. (1956). Islam History. Tehran: Amir Kabir.

Hamidollah, M. (1996). Political Letters and Treaties of Prophet Muhammad and Documents of Early Islam. Tehran: Soroush.

Hamavi, S. (1995). Moajam al-Baladan. Beirut: DarolBeirut.

Dinvari, A. (1982). Akhbaro Taval. Tehran: Ney publication.

Tabari, L. (1983). Tabari History. Beirut: Darol Kotob Elmieh.

Masoudi, A. (1986). Al-Tanbih al-Ashraf. Tehran: Elmi Farhangi.

Nakhjavani, H. (1978). Tajareb al-self. Tehran: Elmi Farhangi.

Noiri, Sh. (1985). Nahayat al-Arb fi fonoun al-Adab. Tehran: Amir Kabir.

Yaghoubi, A. (1987). Yaghoubi History. Tehran: Elmi Farhangi.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v6i3.977

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2017 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2147-0626