Comparison of the Wise and Philosophical Ideas in Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh and Nasser Khusraw’s Book of Poems

Maliheh Zanalimahmodabadi, Aboalqasm Amirahmadi, Ali Eshghisardehi


History of Iran has deep links with Shahnameh and Persian literature. In fact, it is not possible to talk about Iran as a rich culture and disregard Persian literature and brilliant works of Persian literature. According to most scholars in the field of literature and culture, Iranians have been people of wisdom, thought, and philosophy. Ferdowsi and Nasser Khusraw hold a special place in this regard because we are faced with ethical, philosophical, and religious ideas in the works of both poets. Different effects of the Iranian Wisdom are presented in their poems; the effects include ethics, philosophy, logic, medicine, music, determinism and free will, fate, arithmetic and geometry, astronomy etc. Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh and Nasser Khusraw’s Book of Poems are sublime manifestation of ideological and philosophical ideas of Iranians. Apart from the similarities and differences, Ferdowsi and Nasser Khusraw’s poems represent praise of wisdom, God, and human freedom as basic elements in the ontology of Persian culture. Hence, in addition to understanding and explanation of Ferdowsi, Nasser Khusraw’s day and age, and the importance of these two poets in Iran's development of wisdom and philosophical thought, this research tries to describe their similarities and differences in ideological and philosophical subjects.

Anahtar Kelimeler

Philosophy, Poem, Ferdowsi, Nasser Khusraw.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)


Abdollahi, Manijeh & Farideh Poorgiv (2004). In search of world and soul: A glance at Persian itineraries. Book of History and Geography, No. 88-89, pp. 22-23.

Agha Alikhani, Ali Muhammad (2010). Religious education in the light of Shahnameh. Tehran: Moalef Publication.

Anwari, Hasan (1997). Iran in Shahnameh. Bokhara Journal, No. 77-78.

Doostkhah, Jalil (2005). Recognition of a Ferdowsi, Tehran: Cultural Research Bureau.

Estakhri, Abu Eshaq Ebrahim (1989). Schools and Countries. Research by Iraj Afshar, third edition, Tehran: Cultural and Scientific Publications.

Ferdowsi, Abolghasem (1965). Shahnameh. Edited by Joel Moul, translated by Jahangir Afkari, sixth edition, Tehran: Institute for pocket books.

Ferdowsi, Abolghasem (1999). Shahnameh. Edited by E. A. Bertless. Tehran, Phoenix Publishing, nine volumes.

Hosseini, Malek (2009). Wisdom. Tehran: Hermes Publications.

Ibrahimi Dinani, Gholamhossein (2013). Philosophy and the realm of words, Tehran: Hermes Publication.

Kazazi, Mir Jalal al-Din (2005). Ancient’s Letter. Tehran: SAMT Publication, first volume.

Mashkoor, Muhammad Javad (1999). Ancient’s letters. Research by Mir Muhammad Sadeq and Nadereh Jalali. First print, Tehran: Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies.

Moein, Muhammad (1985). Collection of Articles. Gathered by Mahindokht Moin, volume one, first print, Tehran: Moin Publications.

Motahari, Morteza (1995). A Description of Molla Hadi Sabzevari’s Poems. Tehran: Sadra Publication, Second print.

Muhaqiq, Mahdi (2007). Analysis of Nasser Khusraw’s Poems. Tehran: Tehran University Press, Seventh Edition.

Muhaqiq, Mahdi (2009). A great description of Nasser Khusraw’s Book of Poems. Association of Cultural Figures Publications, first volume.

Qubadiani, Nasser Khusraw (1991). Nasser Khusraw’s Book of Poems. Edited by Mojtaba Minavi and Mahdi Muhaqiq, fourth print, Tehran: Tehran University Press.

Qubadiani, Nasser Khusraw (1995). Nasser Khusraw’s Itinerary. Research by Nader Vazinpoor, twelfth print, Tehran: Cultural and Scientific Publications.

Ranjbar, Ahmad (1984). Intellectual attractions of Ferdowsi, Tehran, Amir Kabir Publications.

Riyahi, Muhammad Amin (1996). Ferdowsi: life, thought and his poetry, Tehran: New plan, first print.

Shafiei Kadkani, Muhammad Reza (1999). Literary Criticism. Tehran: Ferdowsi Pubication, second print.

Sharafi, Mahboobeh (2011). Political suggestions in the age of Ilkhani. Journal of Islamic history, No. 10, pp. 93-114.

Soltani, Ramin (1999). Nasser Khusraw in itinerary. Journal of Knowing Iran, 1999, No. 13, 14-24.

Yarshater, Ehsan (2016). Civilizational wisdom: Selected works of Ehsan Yarshater; introduction by Muhammad Tavakoli, first print, Tehran: Paradise Danesh.

Yusefi, Gholamhossein (1990). Nasser Khusraw, social critic. Kelk Journal. No. 5, pp. 5-13.

Zarrinkoob, Abdolhossein (1990). Ba Karvane-e Holle. Eighth edition, Tehran: Cultural and Scientific Publications.

Zarrinkoob, Abdolhossein (1996). The past Iranian literature, Tehran: Alhoda International Publications.



  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.

Telif Hakkı (c) 2017 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2147-0626