Basic Conditions of Validity of Electronic Contracts in Iran and UNCITRAL Model Law
Keywords:Contracts, Electronic, Transactions, International Trades.
Diverse activities such as electronic exchange of goods and services, instant digital content delivery, electronic funds transfer, electronic stock exchange, electronic bill of lading, commercial projects, common engineering and design, sourcing, government purchase, direct marketing and post-sales services included in e-commerce field. Due to the increasing spread of the electronic world in all aspects, electronic contracts, in turn, was of great importance and made significant contributions in business contracts. The present study aims to investigate the concept, fundamentals and history of electronic contracts referring to UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce and Electronic Commerce Act (1996). The results indicate that in terms of the conclusion and obligations of the parties, contract in cyberspace in general is similar to the contract in the real world and in this respect, there is no major difference between these two contexts. Potential electronic contracts considered as written ones and Electronic signatures recognized as valid as the basis of the validity of the will in electronic trading.
Abolhasan Mojahed, A. (2000). Private Contracts through the Internet. Cairo: Daraolnahze.
Ahani, B. (2005). Electronic Contrac Conclusion. Journal of Law and Family Law, (33&34).
Aldasooghi, A. (2003). Legal Aspects of Electronic Transactions. Kuwait: Academic Publication Council at the University of Kuwait.
Alsan, M. (2006). Electron Contracts Conclusion. Quarterly Journal of Commerce, (36).
Amiri Ghaemmaghami, A. (2000). Law of Commitments (Vol. 2). Tehran: Mizan Publication.
Ansari, M., & Taheri, M. (2006). Encyclopedia of Private Law (Vol. 1). Tehran: Mehrab Fekr Publication.
Feyzi Chakab, G. (2005). The Moment of Conclusion of the Contract through Electronic Iintermediaries. Proceedings of Conference on Legal Aspects of Information Technology.
Gholizade, A. (2008). Analysis of the Conclusion of Electronic Transactions. Quarterly Journal of Commerce, (42).
Jafari Langroodi, M. (1979). Encyclopedia of Civil Rights and Trade, (Vol. 1). Tehran: Bonyad Rastad Publication.
Jafari Langroodi, M. (1991). Civil Law Era (Vol. 1). Tehran: Tehran University Publication.
Jafari Langroodi, M. (2000). Expanded in Terminology (Vol. 4). Tehran: Ganj Danesh Publication.
Jafari Langroodi, M. (2007). Law Terminology (16 ed.). Tehran: Ganj Danesh Publication.
Jinfaray, H. (2007). The Future of Electronic Contracts in the International Sale. Journal of International Law, (35).
Katoozian, N. (1996). Civil Law: the General Regulations of Contracts (1 ed., Vol. 1). Tehran: Sherkat Sahami.
Katoozian, N. (2008). Legal Acts (12 ed.). Tehran: Sherkat Sahami.
Katoozian, N. (2008a). Introductory to Civil Law (10 ed., Vol. 1). Tehran: Ganj Danesh Publication.
Maghaminia, M. (2013). The conclusion of Electronic Contracts and its Characteristics. Scientfic Journal of Civil Law, (1).
Noori, M., & Nakhjavani, R. (2003). Electronic Commerce Law (1 ed.). Tehran: Ganj Danesh.
Reed, Chris and John Angel (2003) Computer Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Safayi, S. (2006). Civil Law (3 ed., Vol. 2). Tehran: Mizan Publication.
Safayi, S., & Ghasemzade, S. (2006). Civil Law (10 ed.). Tehran: Samt Publication.
Shahidi, M. (2002). Civil Law (2 ed.). Tehram: Majd Publication.
Shahidi, M. (2004). Contracts and Commitments Creation (3 ed.). Tehran: Majd Publication.
Vesali Naseh, M. (2007). Electronic Contracts and its Validity Foundations. Kanoon Journal, (66).
How to Cite
LicenseAll papers licensed under Creative Commons 4.0 CC-BY.
- Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
- Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
Under the following terms:
- No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.