A Eurocentric Reflection in Josep Conrad’s Heart of Darkness

Asım Aydın

Özet


The two continents, African and European have been in conflict for centuries and their hostility and aggression are derived from two distinct perspectives and portrayals on both sides. The African continent, especially with the start of the exploration of Africa as a matter of colonial and imperial concerns and interests, became a place mostly identified with perceived negative aspects of the country from a European perspective, such as savagery, primitiveness, inferiority, political instability, and conflicts especially in Western literature (European literature). As it is described in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness by the narrator Marlow travelling along the Congo River, Africa is a 'dark place' of the earth. On the contrary, European Continent, namely the Western World is depicted through predominant Eurocentric perception thanks to which Europe has been looked upon by many people as a privileged place in the world. Eurocentrism is a way of seeing the world from a European point of view situated at the high pillar constructed by the European ego. From this high pillar, the European superior ego looks down upon the others who are expected to suffer from a sense of inferiority.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Eurocentrism, Greek heritage, Western identity.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


AbdelRahman, F. (2005). “Said and Achebe: Writers at the Crossroads of Culture”, the Journal of Negro History, Vol. 82, No. 1, pp. 185, JSTOR (4047456).

Achebe, C. (1978). "An Image of Africa", Research in African Literatures, Vol. 9, No.1, JSTOR (3818468).

Asante, M. K. & Mazama, A. (2005). Encyclopedia of Black Studies, London: Sage.

Ashcroft, B. & Griffith, G. (1995). Tiffin, H., Post-Colonial Studies Reader, London/New York: Routledge.

Conrad, J. (1899). Heart of Darkness, London: Penguin Books.

Goonetilleke, D. C. R. A. (2007). Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness: A Routledge Study Guide, London/New York: Routledge.

Heit, H. (2005). “Western Identity, Barbarians and the Inheritage of Greek Universalism”, the European Legacy, Vol. 10, No. 7.

Hoskins, L. A. (1992). “Eurocentrism vs. Afrocentrism: A Geopolitical Linkage Analysis”, Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp.248, JSTOR (2784533).

Jericko, J. (1984). Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness & the Secret Sharer, Barron's Educational Series.

Kanth, R. K. (2009). The Challenge of Eurocentrism: Global Perspectives, Policy, and Prospects, New York: Macmillan.

Mcleod, J. (2000). Beginning Postcolonialism, Manchester/New York: Manchester University Press.

Meyers, J. (1991). Joseph Conrad, a Biography, London: Cambridge University Press.

Peled, S. (2010). “Photography, Home, Language: Ronit Matalon Facing Joseph Conrad’s Colonial Journeys in the Heart of Darkness”, Prooftexts, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp.341. JSTOR (102979).

Peters, J. G. (2006). The Cambridge Introduction to Joseph Conrad, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Rostovanyi, Z. (1998). “Myth or Reality”, Society and Economy in Central and Eastern Europe, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 119. JSTOR (41468527).

Said, E. W. (1994). Culture and Imperialism, NewYork: Vintage Books.

Shohat, E. & Stam R. (2014). Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the Media, 2nd ed. London/New York: Routledge.

Wesley, C. (2015). “Inscriptions of Resistance in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness”, Journal of Modern Literature, Vol. 38, No. 3.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v7i2.675

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2018 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.