Examination of Social Studies-Based Curricula in Terms of Social Skills: A Comparative Investigation of Education Culture in Canada and Turkey
Keywords:Social skills, social studies, life studies, education culture, education in Canada, education in Turkey
This study aims to comparatively examine the types of social skills in the outcomes of Social Studies curriculum of Canada (Ontario) and Life Studies and Social Studies curriculum of Turkey. The study was conducted by a qualitative method. In the study, data was collected by document review. Descriptive analysis was used for the data analysis. According to the findings, despite there are differences in the frequency of social skills in Canada’s Social Studies curriculum and Life studies and Social Studies curricula of Turkey; The types of social skills that stand out in primary school 1st and 2nd-grade outcomes of both countries are similar. It was found that the most frequently used social skill types in primary school 1st and 2nd-grade curriculum outcomes are "initial and advanced social skills." Also, the most frequently used social skill types in the curriculum of both countries in the 3rd and 4th-grade outcomes are "planning skills." The skills of dealing with feelings were not in the 3rd-grade outcomes of Canada Social studies curricula; the skills of coping with stress were not in the 3rd-grade outcomes of Turkey. As a result, the social studies curricula of both countries are acceptable in terms of "initial, advanced social skills, and planning skills".
Bickmore, K. (2014). Citizenship education in Canada: ‘Democratic’engagement with differences, conflicts and equity issues. Citizenship Teaching & Learning, 9(3), 257-278. https://doi.org/10.1386/ctl.9.3.257_1
Denham, A., Hatfield, S., Smethurst 1, N., Tan, E., & Tribe, C. (2006). The effect of social skills interventions in the primary school. Educational Psychology in Practice, 22(1), 33-51. https://doi.org/10.1080/02667360500512411
Elliott, S. N., Malecki, C. K., & Demaray, M. K. (2001). New directions in social skills assessment and intervention for elementary and middle school students. Exceptionality, 9(1-2), 19-32. https://doi.org/10.1080/09362835.2001.9666989
Geršicová, Z., & Barnová, S. (2018). Personal and Social Training as a Part of Class Teachers’ Lifelong Learning. Acta Educationis Generalis, 8(2), 26-39. https://doi: 10.2478/atd-2018-0009
Goldstein, A., Sprafkin, R., Gershaw, N., & Klein, P. (1983). Structured learning: a psychoeducational approach for teaching social competencies. Behavioral Disorders, 8(3), 161-170. Retrieved July 21, 2021, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/43153242
İlker, D., &Akdeniz, Ş. N. (2021). Kanada (ontario) ve Türkiye sosyal bilgiler öğretim programlarının vatandaşlık eğitimi açısından karşılaştırılması. Kalem Eğitim ve İnsan Bilimleri Dergisi, 11(1), 203-232. https://doi: 10.23863/kalem.2021.190
Keitz, R. (1987). Integrating curriculum for tomorrow's students. Educational Leadership, 44(4), 68-70. https://d1wqtxts1xzle7.cloudfront.net/55276844/ARTICLE_2
Lestari, C. I. A., &Ariesta, F. W. (2020). The effectiveness of the NHT model in ımproving social skills and social studies learning outcomes in primary schools. Journal of Physics: Conference Series https://doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1477/4/042024.
MEB (2018a). Hayat bilgisi dersi öğretim program ilköğretim 1, 2 ve 3. sınıflar. http://mufredat.meb.gov.tr/Programlar.aspx.
MEB (2018b). Sosyal bilgiler dersi öğretim programı ilkokul ve ortaokul (4, 5, 6 ve 7. sınıflar). http://mufredat.meb.gov.tr/Programlar.aspx.
Morgan, D. L. (1997). Focus groups as qualitative research (Second Edition). Sage publications.
Nurlaila, N. (2015). Development of social skills in learnıngsocıal studies in primary school. Didaktik: JurnalIlmiah PGSD STKIP Subang, 1(1), 122-127. https://doi.org/10.36989/didaktik.v1i1.18
Ontario Ministy of Education [OMOE]. (2018). The Ontario curriculum social studies grades 1 to 6 history and geography grades 7 and 8. http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/curriculum/elementary/social-studies-historygeography-2018.pdf
Öztürk, F. Z. &Öztürk, T. (2013). Kanada (Ontario) sosyal bilgiler öğretim programı ve bu programın türkiye sosyal bilgiler öğretim programıyla karşılaştırılması. Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 14, 485-514. https://doi.org/10.14520/adyusbd.599
Rahmawati, C., Suhardi, &Mustadi, A. (2021). The ımportance of sociocultural-based reflective picture storybook media to ıncrease reading ınterest and social skills of elementary school students. Acta EducationisGeneralis, 11(1), 111-117. https://doi.org/10.2478/atd-2021-0008
Scott, W., & Suh, Y. (2015). Standardizing the essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes for democratic life: A content analysis of Virginia standards of learning and social studies textbooks. The Social Studies, 106(3), 92-103. https://doi.org/10.1080/00377996.2015.1005282
Setyowati, D., Samsudi, S., &Raharjo, T. J. (2019). The effectiveness of concept mapping on social skills of students in social learning of elementary school. Journal of Primary Education, 8(4), 16-24. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpe.v9i1.28238
Supriatna, N. (2015). Developing students’ social skills using textbooks with character content in the social studies learning in Indonesia. The Journal of Social Studies Education, 4(1), 45-55. Retrieved July 21, 2021, from https://journal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jsse/article/view/2610
Suryani, N., Sutimin, L. A., Abidin, N. F., & Akmal, A. (2021). The Effect of Digital Learning Material on Students’ Social Skills in Social Studies Learning. International Journal of Instruction, 14(3), 417-432. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2021.14324a
Şeren, N., Edip, T., Çolak, E. A., &Kıroğlu, K. (2021). Türkiye ve Kanada’daki (Alberta Eyaleti) sosyal bilgiler öğretim programlarının beceri boyutu açısından karşılaştırılması. Türk Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 19(1), 292-311. https://doi.org/10.37217/tebd.843175
Thompson, L. A. (2006). Revisioning social studies curriculum in an era of globalization: A Canadian perspective. In The Asia-Pacific Educational Research Association international conference proceedings. http://edisdat.ied.edu.hk/pubarch/b15907314/full_paper/1088065513.pdf
Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2008). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri (6. Baskı). Seçkin Yayıncılık.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of History Culture and Art Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.All papers licensed under Creative Commons 4.0 CC-BY.
- Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
- Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
Under the following terms:
- No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.