Cultural Self-identification in Terms of Bilingualism by Chingiz Aitmatov

Mykola Vaskiv, Liudmyla Anisimova

Özet


The article deals with a phenomenon of bilingualism of Soviet national writers, who created their works both in mother-tongue and Russian language, and exceptionally in Russian. The brightest example of such kind of an artist is Kyrgyz classical writer of the second part of the 20th century Chingiz Aitmatov. The aim of our research was to define Chingiz Aitmatov’s cultural self-identification in a situation of bilingualism in his native Kyrgyzstan during Soviet times. The function of Russian language and culture for Chingiz Aitmatov’s creative works and author’s reflection concerning such issue as Russian culture as a mediator in familiarizing of small nations of the USSR with the world cultural heritage were also studied. Aitmatov considered the Russian language to be a “no compromise one” for USSR nations and small peoples in common Soviet informational space, particularly literary, in a process of integration to the global political, economic, and cultural heritage. At the same time, he put Russian culture in one cohort with the leading world cultures. According to Aitmatov, Russian cultural space had a great influence on the development of Soviet nations of Central Asia and became a mediator in a process of integration of small nations into the global cultural space. The Russian language was a helpful tool for acquaintance with the ancestry of world cultures.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Chingiz Aitmatov, Russian and Kyrgyz languages, bilingualism, intermediate language and culture, cultural imperialism, self-identification.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Aitmatov, Ch. (1988). Stati, vyistupleniya, dialogi, intervyu. Moskva: Izd-vo Agentstva pechati “Novosti” [Articles, speeches, dialogues, interviews. Moscow: Publishing house of the Press agency “Novosti”]. (In Russian)

Aitmatov, Ch. (2018). Polnoe sobranie sochineniy v desyati tomah. T. 4: roman i vospominaniya [Complete Works in Ten Volumes, Vol. 4: novel and memories]. Bishkek: Uluu toolor. (In Russian)

Akmataliev, A. (2013). Chyngyz Aytmatov: cheloviek i vselennaya. Nan. Kyrhyz Resp. [Chingiz Aitmatov: a Man and the Universe. NAS of the Kyrgyz Republic]. Bishkek: Ilim. (In Russian)

Bashiri, I. (1999). Kyrgyz National Identity. Bishkek. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/8320482/Kyrgyz_National_Identity

Bashiri, I. (2008). Chingiz Aitmatov: Life and Works. Eurasia Critic, pp.26-30.

Coombs, D. S. (2011). Entwining Tongues: Postcolonial Theory, Post-Soviet Literatures and Bilingualism in Chingiz Aitmatov’s I dol’she veka dlitsia den’. Journal of Modern Literature, 34(3), 47-64.

Doraiswamy, R. (2005). The Post-Soviet Condition: Chingiz Aitmatov in the ‘90s. Academy of Third World Studies. Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi: Aakar Books.

Gachev, G. (2018). Aytmatov – “pisatel, soedinyayushchiy prostranstva i vremena”. Deribasovskaya-Rishelevskaya: odesskiy almanakh. Kniga 75, [Aitmatov – “a writer, who has put together spaces and times”. Derybasovskaya-Rishelievskaya: Odessa almanac. Book 75], pp. 296-312. (In Russian)

Haber, E. (2003). The Myth of the Non-Russian: Iskander and Aitmatov’s Magical Universe. Lexington Books.

Ibraimov, O. (2019). Chynhiz Aitmatov. Ostannii pysmennyk imperii: zhyttia i tvorchist. [Chingiz Aitmatov. The last writer of Empire: life and works]. Kyiv: FOP Zelenskyi V.L. (In Ukrainian)

Karabulatova, I. S., Sayfulina, F. S., Zamalieva, L. F., & Niyazova, G. M. (2015). Chingiz Aitmatov’s Creative Works in the National Literature as a Reflection of a New Ethnic Mythology of the Soviet Period. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(S2), 155-160.

Kolesnikoff, N. (1999). Myth in the Works of Chingiz Aitmatov. University Press of America.

Korth, B. (2005). Language Attitudes Towards Kyrgyz and Russian: Discourse, Education and Policy in Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan. Peter Lang.

Kunanbaiev, A. (2019). Nastanovy: Knyha sliv [Instructions: a Book of Words] / Slovo Prosvity. Kyiv, №41 (1041), 10–16 zhovtnia, pp. 7–9. (In Ukrainian)

Lahusen, T., & Dobrenko, E. (1997). Socialist Realism Without Shores. Duke University Press.

Mozur, J. P. (1995). Parables from the Past: The Prose Fiction of Chingiz Aitmatov. University of Pittsburgh Press.

Qualin, A. J. (1996). Searching for the self at the crossroads of Central Asian, Russian and Soviet cultures: the question of identity in the works of Timur Pulatov and Chingiz Aitmatov. Dissertation. University of Washington.

Skunts, P. (2011). Marksystsko-leninske utochnennia / Tvory. T. 4: Vidpustka vid zhyttia [Marxist-Leninist circumstantiations / Works. Vol. 4: Vocations from Life]. Uzhhorod: Lira. (In Ukrainian)

Ukubaeva, L. (2018). Chingiz Aytmatov: kratkiy ocherk zhizni i tvorchestva pisatelya [Chingiz Aitmatov: the profile of writer’s life and works]. Bishkek: Turar. (In Russian)

Venclova, T. (1988). Ethnic identity and the nationality issue in contemporary Soviet literature. Studies in Comparative Communism, 21(3–4), 319-329.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v9i4.2871

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2020 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.