Music Therapy as an Important Element in Shaping Communication Competences in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Olga Khyzhna, Karina Shafranska

Özet


The article concerns the problem of improving the communication of high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder using music therapy methods. While we are witnessing the progress of research work on the language capabilities of these people, knowledge about their communication is still not sufficient. It is common ground that communication at both the language and non-language level is disturbed in these children. Music therapy can have a very positive effect on people with ASD, due to its calming and relaxing but also activating effects, depending on the type of music used. Considering the often occurring auditory hypersensitivity in these people, one should carefully select the musical material and gradually accustom them to this type of therapy, starting with sound habituation and passive music therapy. It is difficult not to notice similarities that combine music therapy with other methods that support multimodal development of children such as the Good Start Method, some elements of drama using elements of rhythm, movement and sound, logorythmics. The variety of therapeutic methods allows selection of the one that is most appropriate for a given person. Music therapy classes can have a positive impact on the psychomotor development process of a child with ASD.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Asperger syndrome, music therapy, communication.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Andreiko, O., Savchenko, R., Vasilenko, L., Khizhna, O., & Savchenko, Y. (2019). Creative Cooperation of Subjects of the Educational Process in the Context of Musical Activity. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 8(1), 93-97.

Bailey, A. et al. (1996). Child and adolescent psychiatry, Modern Approaches. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific.

Berger, D. S. (2002). Music Therapy, Sensory Integration and the Autistic Child. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Blackstock, E. G. (1978). Cite as Cerebral asymmetry and the development of early infantile autism. Journal of autism and childhood schizophrenia, 8(3), 339-353.

Błeszyński, J. (2005). Terapie wspierające rozwój osób z autyzmem. Kraków: Oficyna Wydawnicza Impuls. (in Polish).

Charman, T. (2002). The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders. Recent evidence and future challenges. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 11, 249-256.

Galińska, E. (1981). Diagnostyczne i terapeutyczne aspekty stosowania muzyki w lecznictwie. Polski Tygodnik Lekarski. (in Polish).

Klöppel, R., & Villex, S. (1995). Rytmika w wychowaniu i terapii, (przeł. A. Florek). Warszawa: PNO Studio Grafiki Komputerowej. (in Polish).

Lewandowska, K. (1996). Muzykoterapia dziecięca. Gdańsk: Studio Norma. (in Polish).

Meyer, L. B. (1974). Emocja i znaczenie w muzyce. Warszawa: Wyd. PWM. (in Polish).

Natanson, T. (1992). Programowanie muzyki terapeutycznej. Wrocław: Wyd Akademia Muzyczna im. K. Lipinskiego. (in Polish).

Schwabe, Ch. (1972). Leczeniemuzyką z nerwicami i zaburzeniamiczynnościowymi. Warszawa: PZWL. (in Polish).

Wierszyłowski, J. (1981). Psychologia muzyki. Warszawa: PWN. (in Polish).

Wigram, T. (1999). Contact in Music. In T. Wigram & J. de Backer (eds.), Clinical Applications of Music Therapy in Developmental Disability Pediatrics and Neurology, (pp. 69-92). London: Jessica Kingsley Publisher.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v9i3.2823

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2020 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.