Critical Thinking as a Qualified Decision Making Tool




Decision, Decision-Making, Thinking, arguments, Modern logic, Logical thinking, Critical Thinking



Decision making is a process that we unintentionally apply hundreds of times a day. While the decision-making process for important decisions requires more time-consuming thinking, it can take place instantaneously and spontaneously in situations that have already occurred or where the outcome is not significant. Since decisions are important in human life, it is obvious that the way to make better decisions is to think better and therefore individuals can benefit significantly from having critical thinking skills. In this study, the concepts of decision-making and critical thinking are examined separately to determine the bond and importance between them. The study has a qualitative research feature and a comprehensive literature review and examination have been made. The information obtained as a result of the study conducted within the scope of qualitative research showed that critical thinking is an important requirement for individuals to make better decisions, while various decision-making techniques also contribute positively to the quality of critical thinking of individuals. It is very important for individuals who want to make more successful decisions both in their personal and professional lives, in order to improve their critical thinking capacities and to benefit from decision techniques in making high importance decisions. For today's and tomorrow's executives who influence the lives of countless people with their decisions, developing critical thinking skills will be an approach that requires determination and commitment as an indication of their respect for their professions.


Akdere, M. (2011). An Analysis of Decision-Making Process in Organizations. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 1317-1330.

Alkhatib, O. J. (2019). A Framework for Implementing Higher-Order Thinking Skills (Problem-Solving, Critical Thinking, Creative Thinking, and Decision-Making) in Engineering & Humanities.

Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences (ASET). Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Anderson, D. R., Sweeney, D. J., Williams, T. A., Camm, J. D., & Martin, K. (2012). An Introduction to Management Science: Quantitative Approaches to Decision Making. Mason: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Armstrong, M. (2006). A Handbook of Management Techniques. Glasgow: Bell & Bain.

Autor, D. H., Levy, F., & Murnane, R. J. (2003). The Skill Content of Recent Technological Change: An Empirical Exploration. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1279-1333.

Betsch, T., & Glockner, A. (2010). Intuition in Judgment and Decision Making: Extensive Thinking Without Effort. Psychological Inquiry 21, 279-294.

Bono, E. D. (2000). Six Thinking Hats. London: Penguin Books.

Certo, S. C., & Certo, S. T. (2012). Modern Management. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Cohen, E. D. (2009). Critical Thinking Unleashed. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Cottrell, S. (2005). Critical Thinking Skills Developing Effective Analysis and Argument. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Daft, R. L. (2008). Management. Thomson South-Western.

Daft, R. L., & Marcic, D. (2009). Understanding Management. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Dewey, J. (1910). How We Think. New York: D. C. HEATH & CO., PUBLISHERS. 07 04, 2019 tarihinde

Drucker, P. F. (2005). Management. New York: HarperCollins.

Ennis, R. (2011). Critical Thinking: Reflection and Perspective Part II. Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines, 5-19.

Ennis, R. H. (1996). Critical Thinking Dispositions: Their Nature and Assessability. Informal Logic, 165-182.

Ennis, R. H. (2015). Critical Thinking: A Streamlined Conception. M. Davies, & R. Barnett içinde, The Palgrave Handbook of Critical Thinking in Higher (s. 31-48). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ennis, R. H. (2018). Critical Thinking Across the Curriculum: A Vision. Topoi, 165-184.

Facione, P. A. (1990). Critical thinking: A statement of expert concensus for purposes of educational assessment and instruction. Research Findings and Recommendations. Newark: American Philosophical Association.

Fisher, A. (2011). Critical Thinking An Introduction. Exeter: Cambridge University Press.

Frankelstein, S., Whitehead, J., & Campbell, A. (2009). Think Again: Why Good Leaders Make Bad Decisions. Business Strategy Review, 62-66.

Freeley, A. J., & Steinberg, D. L. (2009). Argumentation and Debate. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Gambrill, E., & Gibbs, L. (2009). Critical Thinking for Helping Professionals. New York: Oxford University Press.

Geertsen, R. (2013). Barriers to Critical Thinking Across Domains. Review of Management, 52-60.

Ghabanchi, Z., & Behrooznia, S. (2014). The Impact of Brainstorming on Reading Comprehension and

Critical Thinking Ability of EFL Learners. Social and Behavioral Sciences 98, 513-521.

Halpern, D. F. (2014). Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking. New York: Psychology Press.

Hartwig, R. T. (2010). Facilitating Problem Solving: A Case Study Using the Devil's Advocacy Technique. Group Facilitation: A Research and Applications Journal, Number 10, 17-31.

Hitchcock, D. (2017). On Reasoning and Argument: Essays in Informal Logic and on Critical Thinking. Springer International Publishing.

Hitt, M. A., Black, J. S., & Porter, L. W. (2012). Management. Versailles: Prentice Hall.

Horton, J. (1980). Nominal Group Technique. Anaesthesia, 811-814.

Istikomah, Basori, & Budiyanto, C. W. (2017). The Influences of Problem-Based Learning Model with Fishbone Diagram to Student’s Critical Thinking Ability. Indonesian Journal of Informatics Education, 83-91.

Jacob, E., Duffield, C., & Duffield, C. (2018). Development of an Australian nursing critical thinking tool using a Delphi process. Journal of Advanced Nursing 74, 2241-2247.

Kahneman, D. (2011). Hızlı ve Yavaş Düşünme. İstanbul: Varlık Yayınları.

Kallet, M. (2014). Think Smarter: Critical Thinking to Improve Problem-solving and Decision-making Skills. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Kamp, D. (1999). The 21st Century Manager. London: Kogan Page Limited.

Kaplan, E. J. (1992). An Interactive Strategy for the Instruction of Critical Thinking in the Middle School. Washington: ERIC Clearinghouse.

Kendrick, T. (2010). The Project Management Tool Kit. New York: American Management Association.

Kepner, C. H., & Tregoe, B. B. (1965). The Rational Manager. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Kincheloe, J. L. (2004). Into the Great Wide Open: Introducing Critical Thinking. J. L. Kincheloe, & D. Weil içinde, Critical Thinking and Learning: An Encyclopedia for Parents and Teachers (s. 1-53). Londra: Greenwood Press.

Kivunja, C. (2015). Using De Bono's Six Thinking Hats Model to Teach Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Skills Essential for Success in the 21st Century Economy. Creative Education, 380-391.

Kreitner, R. (2009). Management. Canada: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

Kuhn, D., & Jr., D. D. (2004). Metacognition: A Bridge Between Cognitive Psychology and Educational Practice. Theory Into Practice, 268-273.

Lai, E. R. (2011). Critical Thinking: A Literature Review. New York: Pearson.

Lau, J. Y. (2011). An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity: Think More, Think Bette. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Levy, F., & Murnane, R. J. (2004). The New Division of Labor: How Computers Are Creating the Next Job Market. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Lindley, D. V. (1971). Making Decisions. London: Wiley Interscience.

Matthews, R., & Lally, J. (2010). The Thinking Teacher’s Toolkit Critical Thinking, Thinking Skills and Global Perspectives. London: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Moore, W. E. (1967). Creative and Critical Thinking. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

National Research Council. (2011). Assessing 21st Century Skills: Summary of a Workshop. Washington: The National Academies Press.

Nutt, P. C. (2004). Expanding the Search for Alternatives During Strategic Decision-Making. Academy of Management Perspectives, 13-28.

Okes, D. (2009). Root Cause Analysis The Core of Problem Solving and Corrective Action. Milwaukee: ASQ Quality Press.

Özgenel, M. (2018). Modeling the relationships between school administrators’creative and critical thinking dispositions with decision making styles and problem solving skills. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 18, 673-700.

Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2003). The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools. Dillon Beach: Foundation for Critical Thinking.

Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2014). Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Professional and Personal Life. New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Pavett, C. M., & Lau, A. W. (1983). Managerial Work: The Influence of Hierarchical Level and Functional Specialty. Academy of Management Journal, Volume 26, 170-177.

Robbins, S. P., & Coulter, M. (2012). Management. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Royalty, J. (1995). The Generalizability of Critical Thinking: Paranormal Beliefs Versus Statistical Reasoning. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 477-488.

Rudinow, J., & Barry, V. E. (2008). Invitation to Critical Thinking. Thomson Wadsworth.

Sadler-Smith, E., & Shefy, E. (2004). The intuitive executive: Understanding and applying ‘gut feel’ in decision-making. Academy of Management Executive, 76-91.

Sashkin, M., & Kiser, K. J. (1993). Putting Total Quality Management to Work. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Schweiger, D. M., & Finger, P. A. (1984). The Comparative Effectiveness of Dialectical Inquiry and Devil's Advocacy: The Impact of Task Biases on Previous Research Findings. Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 5, 335-350.

Schweiger, D. M., Sandberg, W. R., & Ragan, J. W. (1986). Group Approaches For Improving Strategıc Decision Making: A Comparative Analysis Of Dialectical Inquiry, Devil's Advocacy, And Consensus. Academy of Management Journal, 51-71.

Scriven, M., & Paul, R. (1987). Library: About Critical Thinking. 11 13, 2014 tarihinde The Critical Thinking Community:

Simon, J. L. (2000). Developing Decision Making Skills For Business. New York: M. E. Sharpe, Inc.

Snowden, D. J., & Boone, M. E. (2007). A Leader's Framework for Decision Making. Harvard Business Review 85, 68-76.

Stewart, W. J. (1989). Improving the Teaching of Decision-Making Skills. The Clearing House, Vol. 63, 64-66.

Tempelaar, D. T. (2006). The Role of Metacognition in Business Education. Industry and Higher Education, 291-297.

Tittle, P. (2011). Critical thinking : an appeal to reason. New York: Routledge.

Trilling, B., & Fadel, C. (2009). 21st Century Skills: Learning for Life in Our Times. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Turoff, M. (1970). The Design of a Policy Delphi. Technological Forecasting, 149-171.

Ven, A. H., & Delbecq, A. L. (1974). The Effectiveness of Nominal, Delphi, and Interacting Group Decision Making Process. Academy of Management Journal, 605-621.

Ven, A. V., & Delbecq, A. L. (1971). Nominal Versus Interacting Group Processes for Committee Decision-Making Effectiveness. Academy of Management Journal, 203-212.

Wiig, K. (2004). People-Focused Knowledge Management. Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth–Heinemann.

Yates, J. F. (2003). Decision Management. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Yılmaz, S. (2013). Eleştirel Düşüncenin Öğretilmesi: Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Eleştirel Bir Düşünürde Bulunması Gereken Meziyetleri Gelişmelerine Yardımcı Olacak Hususlar. Tarih Kültür ve Sanat Araştırmaları Dergisi, 2(1), 414-420., Erişim Tarihi: 12.11.2019.




How to Cite

Turan, U., Fidan, Y., & Yıldıran, C. (2019). Critical Thinking as a Qualified Decision Making Tool. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 8(4), 1-18.