Ethnic Identity as a Cultural Safety Resource of Local Communities in the Context of Globalization

Marina A. Igosheva, Irina G. Paliy, Marianna L. Krolman, Vladimir G. Takhtamyshev, Valery V. Kasyanov

Özet


In the context of globalization, the main threat to the cultural security of local communities is the spiritual expansion of Western civilization, which results in changes in the worldview and lifestyle of people. Under the threat of spiritual expansion, they activate protective mechanisms in order to preserve, reproduce, and transmit cultural norms and values that serve as spiritual guidelines in social uncertainty and global chaos. The ethnic identity, being one of these mechanisms, has the capacity to ensure the ontological security of the community, preserve its cultural identity and mobilize it for positioning and defending its interests.

The constructivist paradigm serves the methodological basis of the study and allows considering the ethnic identity as a way of organizing the socio-cultural existence of community on the basis of its "symbolic" boundaries’ identification. The transformational approach which makes it possible to characterize the processes of the modern world and their impact on local societies is methodologically significant for the study. The concept of "socio-cultural crisis", manifested in the destruction of the value-semantic and symbolic world of ethnic communities is conceptual to identify the destructive influence of globalization processes on the life of local communities. The riskological approach allows revealing the specifics of the current risks to the cultural safety of local communities.

The study concludes that under the risks and threats to the cultural security of local communities, they activate the resource potential of ethnic identity, which allows maintaining their personal integrity and socio-cultural uniqueness. The resource potential of ethnic identity makes it possible to act as a social behavior regulator and ensure the cultural security of both individuals and groups, forming symbolic boundaries between the worlds of "us" and "them".


Anahtar Kelimeler


Ethnic identity, Cultural security, Globalization, Glocalization, Identity crisis, Risk society, Spiritual expansion.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Barth, F. (2006). Vvedenie [Introduction]. Jetnicheskie gruppy i social'nye granicy. Social'naja organizacija kul'turnyh razlichij [Ethnic Groups and Social Boundaries. Social Organization of Cultural Differences]. Moscow: Novoe izd-vo. (In Russian).

Bauman, Z. (2002). Identichnost' v globalizirujushhemsja mire [Identity in the Globalizing World]. Bauman Z. Individualizirovannoe obshhestvo: translation from English. Moscow: Logos. (In Russian).

Beck, U. (2000). Obshhestvo riska. Na puti k drugomu modernu [Risk Society. On the Way to Another Modern]. Moscow: Progress-Tradicija. (In Russian).

De Vos, G., & Romsnucci-Ross, L. (eds.) (1982). Ethnic Identity. Cultural Continuities and Change.

Delyagin, M. (2000). Praktika globalizacii: igry i pravila novoj jepohi [Practice of Globalization: Games and Rules of the New Era]. Moscow: INFRA-M. (In Russian).

Dubovtsev, V. A. (2007). Ponjatie globalizacii: analiz opredelenij i osnovnyh komponentov [The Concept of Globalization: Analysis of Definitions and Main Components] Vestnik NGU. Serija: Filosofija, 5(1), 53-61. (In Russian).

Evgenieva, T. V. (2012). Istoricheskaja pamjat' i nacional'no-gosudarstvennaja identichnost' v sovremennoj Rossii [Historical Memory and National-state Identity in Modern Russia]. Cennosti i smysly, 5, 27-37. (In Russian).

Evgenieva, T. V., & Titov, V. V. (2017). Obrazy proshlogo v rossijskom massovom politicheskom soznanii: mifologicheskoe izmerenie [Images of the Past in the Russian Mass Political Consciousness: The Mythological Dimension]. Politicheskaja nauka, 1, 120-138. (In Russian).

Forrest, S. (2004). Indigenous Identity as a Strategy of Cultural Security. Proceedings of the Third Northern Research Forum. Plenary on Security, Yellowknife, NWT September 18. URL: http://www.nrf.is/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=21&Itemid=2

Giddens, A. (2000). Runaway World. New York.

Gudkov, L. (1999). Strah kak ramka ponimanija proishodjashhego [Fear as a Frame of Understanding of What is Happening]. Monitoring obshhestvennogo mnenija, 6(44), 46-53. (In Russian).

Hobsbawm, E. (1998). Nacii i nacionalizm posle 1780 g [Nation and Nationalism Since 1780]. Saint Petersburg: Aletejja. (In Russian).

Huntington, S. (2004). Kto my? Vyzovy amerikanskoj nacional'noj identichnosti [Who Are We? The Challenges to America’s National Identity]. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo AST, Tranzitkniga. (In Russian).

Lebedeva, N. M. (1999). Social'naja identichnost' na postsovetskom prostranstve: ot samouvazhenija k poiskam smysla [Social Identity in the Post-Soviet Space: From Self-respect to the Search for Meaning]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal, 20(3), 48-58. (In Russian).

Luhmann, N. (1994). Ponjatie riska [The Concept of Risk]. THESIS, 5, 135-159. (In Russian).

Myslivec, N. L., & Romanov, O. A (2018). Istoricheskaja pamjat' kak sociokul'turnyj fenomen: opyt sociologicheskoj rekonstrukcii [Historical Memory as a Socio-cultural Phenomenon: The Experience of Sociological Reconstruction] Vestnik RUDN. Serija: Sociologija, 18(1), 9-19. (In Russian).

Panarin, A. S. (2003). Iskushenie globalizmom [Globalism Temptation]. Moscow: EKSMO: Algoritm. (In Russian).

Perepelkin, L. S. (1999). Mezhjetnicheskie konflikty: prichiny vozniknovenija i mehanizmy preduprezhdenija [Interethnic Conflicts: Causes and Mechanisms of Prevention]. Konflikt – dialog – sotrudnichestvo. Bjulleten, 1, 8-9. (In Russian).

Rahno, E. V. (2009). Duhovno-nravstvennyj krizis kak sledstvie globalizacionnyh processov sovremennosti [Spiritual and Moral Crisis as a Consequence of Globalization Processes of the Present]. Vestnik Stavropol'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 64, 243-248. (In Russian).

Ritzer, G. (2004). The Globalization of Nothing. California: Thousand Oaks.

Robertson, R. (1995). Globalization: Time-space and homogeneity-heterogeneity. Global Modernities. London: Sage.

Romanova, A. P., & Marmilova, V. O. (2008). Kul'turnaja bezopasnost' kak vazhnejshij faktor nacional'noj bezopasnosti [Cultural Safety as Critical to National Security]. Chelovek. Soobshhestvo. Upravlenie, 2, 84-94. (In Russian).

Rudkovsky, E. I. (2018). Kul'turnaja bezopasnost': global'nyj i regional'nyj kontekst [Cultural Security: Global and Regional Context]. Iskusstvo i kul'tura, 4(32), 79-83. (In Russian).

Semenova, V. V. (2012). Travmaticheskaja pamjat' kak mobilizacionnyj resurs kollektivnoj identichnosti [Traumatic Memory as Mobilization Resource of Collective Identity]. Sociologija i obshhestvo: global'nye vyzovy i regional'noe razvitie: Materialy IV Ocherednogo Vserossijskogo sociologicheskogo kongressa [Sociology and Society: Global Challenges and Regional Development: Proceedings of the IV Regular all-Russian sociological Congress]. Moscow: Rossijskoe obshhestvo sociologov [Russian Society of Sociologists]. pp. 7798-7818. (In Russian).

Shevchenko, O. M., Sergeeva, N., Klimenko, T., Shcherbakova, L., & Tikhonovskova, M. (2018). Ethnocultural Education as a Factor of the Spiritual Security of the Russian Polyethnic Society. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 7(5), 157-167. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v7i5.1908

Shnirelman, V. A. (2004). Ksenofobija, novyj rasizm i puti ih preodolenija [Xenophobia, New Racism and Ways to Overcome Them]. Gumanitarnaja mysl' Juga Rossii, 1, 6-19. (In Russian).

Shtompel, L. A., & Shtompel, O. M. (2010). Arhaizacija sovremennoj kul'tury: neobhodimost' ili sluchajnost'? [Archaization of Modern Culture: Necessity or Accident?]. Cennosti i smysly, 1(4), 27-34. (In Russian).

Shtompka, P. (1996). Sociologija social'nyh izmenenij [Sociology of Social Changes]. Moscow: Aspekt Press. (In Russian).

Shtompka, P. (2001). Social'noe izmenenie kak travma [Social Change as a Trauma], Sociologicheskie issledovanija, 1, 6-16. (In Russian).

Tonkonogov, A. V. (2014). Duhovnaja jekspansija kak faktor sovremennoj geopolitiki [Spiritual Expansion as a Factor in Contemporary Geopolitics]. Social'no-gumanitarnye znanija, 2, 141-153. (In Russian).

Vodenko, K. V. (2019). Problems and Perspectives of State Regulation of System of Education in the Context of Provision of Russia’s National Security. International Journal of educational management, 33(3), 462-469.

Vodenko, K. V., Rodionova, V. I., Shvachkina, L. A., & Shubina, M. M. (2018). Russian national model for the regulation of social and economic activities: research methodology and social reality. Quality-Access to Success, 19(S2), 141-145.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v8i3.2249

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2019 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.