Female Entrepreneurship: Types of Economic Activity

Iuliia S. Pinkovetskaia, Liudmila I. Kryukova, Diego Felipe Arbeláez Campillo, Magda Julissa Rojas-Bahamon

Özet


In recent years women entrepreneurs have made a significant contribution to the economic growth of most countries. Therefore, at the present stage of the entrepreneurship study, it is relevant to analyze the patterns that characterize the current level of women's entrepreneurial activity as well as determine the sectoral structure of women's entrepreneurship. The purpose of the study is a comprehensive assessment of women's early entrepreneurial activity and their sectoral preferences in creating their own business. In the course of the study, the results of the report on the global monitoring project for female entrepreneurship for the years 2016-2017 as to 74 countries is used. The levels of entrepreneurial activity of women in these countries also reviewed. The sectoral structure of women's entrepreneurship was assessed in five groups including typical types of economic activity by using normal density distribution functions. According to the results of the researches, conclusions were drawn on the predominance of such types of economic activity as trade (46.54%), health care, education and social services (19.22%), management and personal services as (15.70%). The obtained results can be used by entrepreneurs as well as by government bodies related to the business activities regulation. In the article, the original tools for assessing the sectoral structure of women's entrepreneurship is proposed.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Female business, Women entrepreneurship, Sectoral structure, Types of economic activity.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Achtenhagen, L. & Welter, F. (2003). Female Entrepreneurship in Germany: Context, Development and Its Reflection in German Media, in J. Butler (ed.), New Perspectives on Women Entrepreneurs. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, 77–100.

Aidis R. & Weeks J. (2016). Mapping the Gendered Ecosystem: The Evolution of Measurement Tools for Comparative High-Impact Female Entrepreneur Development. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship. 8 (4): 330–352.

Bolshev L. N. & Smirnov N. V. (1983). Tables of mathematical statistics. Moscow. The science. Home edition of physical and mathematical literature.

Cuberes, D. & Teignier, M. (2015). Aggregate Effects of Gender Gaps in the Labor Market: A Quantitative Estimate. Economics Working Paper E14/308, University of Barcelona, Barcelona. http://www.marcteignier.com/research_files/GGLMAP_CT. pdf.

Demirguc-Kunt, A.; Klapper, L.; Singer, D.; Van Oudheusden, P. (2015). The Global Findex Database 2014: Measuring Financial Inclusion around the World. Policy Research Working Paper 7255, World Bank, Washington, DC.

Dolgorukova I. V. & Kolesnikov, A. N. (2004). Az . . . Buki…. Lady . . . The possibility of self-expression of women in small business// Russian entrepreneurship. Vol. 3: 3-8.

Fetsch, E.; Jackson, C. & Wiens, J. (2015). Women Entrepreneurs are Key to Accelerating Growth. Kauffman Foundation. July 20. http://www.kauffman.org/what-we-do/resources/entrepreneurshippolicy-digest/women-entrepreneurs-are-key-to-accelerating-growth

Gilmanova, G. H. (2007). Regional peculiarities of the women’s entrepreneurship development in Russian society//Herald of the Orenburg State University. Vol. 9 (73): 31-36.

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2016-2017 (2017). Global Entrepreneurship Research Association (GERA). Babson College, Babson Park, MA, 180 p.

Global Entrepreneurship Research Association (2017). The 2015/2016 Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. London: Global Entrepreneurship Research Association. http://www.gemconsortium.org/report

Golla, A. M.; Malhotra, A.; Nanda, P. & Mehra R. (2011). Understanding and Measuring Women’s Economic Empowerment: Definition, Framework and Indicators. Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women.

Gupta, V. K.; Turban, D. B.; Wasti, S. A. & Sikdar, A. (2009). The role of gender stereotypes in perceptions of entrepreneurs and intentions to become an entrepreneur. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(2), 397-417.

Gustafsson, S. & Wetzels, C. (1997). Family Policies and Women’s Labour Force Transitions in Connection with Childbirth. Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung, (1): 118- 124.

Hamilton, E. (2013). Entrepreneurship across generations: narrative, gender and learning in family business, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Heinhold I. & Gaede K. W. (1964). Ingenieur statistic. München, Wien, Springler Verlag. 352 p.

Hollender М. & Wulf D. (1999). Nonparametric methods of statistic. New York. John Wiley & Sons, 816 p.

Holst, E. (2001). Institutionelle Determinanten der Erwerbsarbeit: Zur Notwendigkeit einer Gender-Perspektive in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften. DIW Diskussionspapier. Berlin: DIW.

Indicators of education 2017: a statistical collection. Moscow: Higher school of economics. 2017. 320 p.

Jennings, J. E. & Brush, C. G. (2013). Research on women entrepreneurs: challenges to (and from) the broader entrepre¬neurship literature? The Academy of Management Annals, 7(1), 663-715.

Kipervar, E. A. & Sevelova, M. A. (2009). Women's entrepreneurship: characteristics and prospects of development in the regions (for example, Omsk region)// The Omsk scientific bulletin. Vol. 2 (76): 96-99.

Klapper, L. F. & Parker, S. C. (2011). Gender and the Business Environment for New Firm Creation. The World Bank Research Observer 26 (2): 237–257.

Lewis, K. V.; Henry, C.; Gatewood, E. J. & Watson, J. (2014). Women’s Entrepreneurship in the 21st Century: An International Multi-Level Research Analysis. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Morozov, V. A. (2003). With hope for women. Women's entrepreneurship as the basis for the development of small business// Russian entrepreneurship. Vol. 3: 3-10.

Nielsen, S.; Klyver, K. & Evald, M. (2010). Denmark, in: Fielden, S. and M. Davidson (eds.), International Research Handbook on Successful Women Entrepreneurs. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Ogbor, J. (2000). Mythicizing and Reification in Entrepreneurial Discourse: Ideology Critique of Entrepreneurial Studies, Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 37(5), pp. 605-635.

Pearson, E. S.; D’Agostino, R. B. & Bowmann, K. O. (1977). Test for departure from normality: Comparison of powers, Biometrika, no. 64, pp. 231-246.

Pinkovetskaia, I. S. (2017). Evaluation of patterns and trends of the current levels of entrepreneurial risk. Herald of Omsk University. Series Economics, 2017, no. 2 (58), pp. 70-81.

Polutova, M. A. (2015). Specificity of female entrepreneurship genesis in the postindustrial period. Fundamental and applied research in the modern world. 2015. Vol 12-4: 53-55.

Shapiro, S. S. & Francia, R. S. (1972). An approximate analysis of variance test for normality. Journal of the American Statistical Association. vol. 67, pp. 215-216.

Starova, L. N. (2002). Women's network. Women and business in the twenty-first century. Russian entrepreneurship. Vol. 3: 73-78.

Wang, Q. (2015). Child care, work-family policy and female entrepreneurship. Social Science Research Network. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn. 2669282.

Welter, F.; Smallbone, D.; Aculai, E.; Isakova, N. & Schakirova N. (2003). Female Entrepreneurship in Post-Soviet Countries, in J. Butler (ed.), New Perspectives on Women Entrepreneurs. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, 243–269.

Woetzel, J.; Madgavkar, A.; Ellingrud, K.; Labaye, E.; Devillard, S.; Kutcher, E.; Manyika, J.; Dobbs, R. & Krishnan M. (2015). The Power of Parity: How Advancing Women’s Equality Can Add $12 Trillion to Global Growth. Washington, DC: McKinsey & Co.

Woldie, A. & Adersua, A. (2004). Female Entrepreneurs in a Transitional Econ- omy: Businesswomen in Nigeria, International Journal of Social Economics 31(1/2): 78–93.

Women's Entrepreneurship (2015): closing the gender gap in access to financial and other services and in social entrepreneurship. European Parliament, Brussels.

The strategy of development of small and average business in the Russian Federation until 2030 (2016). Order of the Government of June 2, 2016. no. 1083-r/Russian Federation Code, 2016, No. 24, Art. 3549.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v8i2.2153

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2019 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.