Topic of the Imaginative Text and Its Philosophical and Linguistic Presentation

Mark Yakovlevich Blokh, Zoya Dmitrievna Asratyan, Norair Martinovich Asratyan

Özet


This paper discusses various approaches to the nature of the imaginative literary text, especially in the 20th century. Considering the topic as a semantic focus, as an integrating phenomenon compositionally uniting all the elements of a text, the authors proceed from the idea that the methodological basis of this principle of research is represented by the theory of dicteme which is understood as a minimal unit of thematization (topicalization), styling and conceptualizing the text. The real or unreal world reflected in imaginative literature is given to the reader through the individual author’s perception which is conceptualized. This conceptualization is observed at the level of dicteme, manifested, on the one hand, in the ideological validity of the topic, and on the other hand, in the thematic (topical) role of the concept. The topic of a work of art is the semantic core itself that concentrates the main idea, the key problem essential for the author, his/her intention and purpose, and, together with this, the topic as such organizes the relevant text structure that connects the parts around that core. This topical construct is built by dictemes that form the composition of a text. At the same time, the authors caution against one-sided approaches, both elementary and holistic, in identifying the topic. To identify the topic, both by formal definition and adequate description it is proposed to use a judgment with its categorial-propositional structure, including subject/s, objects, predicates, attributes, certain adverbial characterisistics, etc.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Topic, Meaning, Dicteme, Composition, Nomination, Predication, Thematization, Styling, Conceptualization, Elementarism, Holism, Judgment, Categorial-propositional structure, Structural and semantic approaches.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Aristotle (1976). Metaphysics. In: Collected Works in 4 vol. V. 1. M.: Mysl.

Aristotle (2018). Rhetoric. Poetics. M.: ACT.

Arutyunova, N. D. (1990). Proposition. In: Linguistic Encyclopedic Dictionary (ed. by V.I. Yartseva). M.: Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya.

Blokh, M. Ya. (1999). Seven Lives of the Text. Bridge, 6.

Blokh, M. Ya. (2000). Dikteme in the Level Structure of the Language. Voprosy yazykoznaniya, 4, 56-63.

Blokh, M. Ya. (2005). Theoretical Foundations of Grammar (4th ed.). M.: Vysshaya shkola.

Blokh, M. Ya. & Velikaya, E. V. (2012). Prosody in Text Styling: Monograph. M: Prometey.

Brown, G. & Yule, G. (1983) Discourse Analysis. Cambridge University Press.

Bualo, N. (1957). Poetic Art. M.: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo hudozhestvennoy literarury.

Cicero, M. T. (1972). Three Treatises on Oratory (ed. by M.L. Gasparov). M.: Nauka.

Dahl, O. (1969). Topic and Comment: a study in Russian and general transformational grammar. Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis (Slavica Gothoburgensia, 4). Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell.

Givon, T. (1979). From Discourse to Syntax: Grammar as a Processing Strategy. In: Syntax and Semantics (ed. by T. Givon) (pp.81-112). Volume 12. New York: Academic Press.

Grimes, J. E. (1975). The thread of discourse. The Hague: Mouton.

Heidegger, M. (1993). Path to Language. In: Vremya i Bytie: Articles and Speeches (pp. 259-273). M.: Respublika.

Heidegger, M. (1997). Being and Time. М.: Ad Marginem.

Hockett, C. F. A. (1958). Course in Modern Linguistics. New York: The Macmillan Company.

Husserl, E. (2001). Logical research. In: Collected Works. V.3.II. M.: Gnozis, Dom intellektual’noy knigi.

Kant, I. (1994). Critique of Pure Reason. In: Collected Works. In 8 v. V. 3. M.: Choro.

Keenan, E. O. & Schieffelin, B. (1977). Topic as a Discourse Notion. In: Subject and Topic (ed. by C.N. Li). N. Y.: Academic Press.

Kintsch, W. (1974). The Representation of Meaning in Memory. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Maslovskiy, V. I. (1987). Topic. In: Literary Encyclopedic Dictionary (ed. by V.M. Kozhevnikova, P.A. Nikolaeva). M.: Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya.

Quintilian, M. F. (1834). Twelve Books of Rhetorical Instruction. Tran-n from Latin [incomplete] by A. Nikol’skiy. SPb.

Sgall, P. (1975). Conditions of the Use of Sentences and Semantic Representation of Topic and Focus. In: Formal Semantics of Natural Language (ed. by E. Keenan) (pp. 297-312). Cambridge.

Smuts, J. C. (1927). Holism and Evolution. London: MacMillan Press.

van Dijk, T. A. (1977). Text and Context: Explorations in the Semantics and Pragmatics of Discourse. London: Longman.

Wittgenstein L. (1922). Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. London: Kegan Paul, 1922.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v8i2.2150

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2019 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.