Genesis and Evolution of the Public in the Russian Empire Under the Conditions of Modernization in the Second Half of the 19th Century

Tatyana Evgenevna Pokotilova, Nadezhda Viktorovna Miroshnichenko, Irina Fedorovna Dedyukhina, Oksana Viktorovna Zhdanova, Vladimir Yurievich Maximov

Özet


The article analyzes the factors associated with the history of forming the basics and characteristic features of the phenomenon of the regional public as a constituent part of all-Russian modernization experiments in the second half of the 19th century. It was discovered that in the Stavropol Province, a Southern region of Russia, the evident minimal activity of the overwhelming majority of the population was determined by its peasant composition, the low number and poverty of the nobility and the prevalence of the merchant element in the urban self-government. At the same time, the points of growth were actively manifested through the so-called “newcomers” or nonresidents (those who moved into the region as a result of the abolition of selfdom in Russia and in fact could become full members of the established peasant “world”). These points of growth also included representatives of a number of confessions from those who could potentially, in the course of social development, open up to processes of public association in order to protect their social and cultural interests, having already certain traditions of organized activity, and well-educated population of the urban environment, constantly replenished by the steady development of the education system in the city and in the countryside and united in the framework of legal public organizations to solve various local problems.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Modernization experiments, Public, social activity, Population structure, Multi-religion, Education, Charity social associations, the Stavropol Province, the Russian Empire.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


A collection of data about the North Caucasus. To 125-th anniversary of Stavropol in the Caucasus. Vol. VI. (1910). Stavropol.

Civil identity and the sphere of civil activity in the Russian Empire. Second half of the XIX century – beginning of the XX century (2007). Moscow.

Gerschenkron, A. (1962). Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective. A book of essays. Cambridge.

Hildermeier, M. (2001). Educated order and civil society: the development of Russia up to 1917 in comparative terms. Intelligentsia in History: An Educated Person in Ideas and in Social Justice. Moscow.

Historical reference of the first primary schools in the Caucasus and in Stavropol. Stavropol in documents and materials (1777-2007) (2007). Stavropol.

Kabuzan, V. M. (1996). Russians in the world. The dynamics of numbers and distribution (1719-1989). Forming ethnic and political boundaries of the Russian people. St. Petersburg.

Kolesnikova, E. G. (2007). Gender perceptions and stereotypes of the Stavropol provincial society in the last quarter of the XIX and early XX centuries. Candidate of History diss. Stavropol.

Krasnov, M. (1913). Historical reference dedicated to the 25-th anniversary of the Community for Assisting in Popularizing Education in Stavropol.

Loo, H. & Reijen, W. (1992). Modernization. Project and paradox. Munich.

Models of social reformation of Russia. XX century. (2004). Moscow.

Navskaya, T. A. & Chekmenev, S. A. (1994). Stavropol peasants. Essays on economy, culture and domestic life. Pyatigorsk.

Pokotilova, T. E.; Rusetsky, M. G.; Samylov, P. V.; Miroshnichenko, N. V. & Kochkarova, Z. R. (2018). Local self-government and out-of-school education in the Russian Empire during the First World War. Journal of History, Culture and Art Research, 7(5), 378-384. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v7i5.1916

Prozritelev, G. N. (1913). The first settlements in the North Caucasus and in the current Stavropol Province. Works of the Stavropol Academic Commission, 5. Stavropol.

Stavropol in documents and materials (1777-2007). (2007). Stavropol.

The report of the city police department to the Caucasian Civil Governor of 1838. Stavropol in documents and materials (1777-2007). (2007). Stavropol.

The report of the trustee of the Caucasian academic district on the condition of educational institutions of 1878. (1878). Tiflis.

The review of the Stavropol Province in 1888. (1889). Stavropol.

The state archive of Stavropol Krai. Fund 54. Inventory 1. Case 52.

Tumanova, A. S. (2001). Intelligentsia and its role in social organizations of Tambov at the turn of the XIX and XX centuries. Intelligentsia in History: An Educated Person in Ideas and in Social Justice. Moscow.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v8i1.2051

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2019 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.