The Influence of Neo-Classical Facades on Urban Textures of Iran
Keywords:Neo-classical façade, Façade, Urban texture, Urban landscape, AHP method, SWOT technique.
One of the most important aims of designing the building's facades, in addition to maintaining its durability and sustainability against the severe weather conditions, is the beauty and attractiveness of the appearance and its overall adaptation to the urban context system. Because a building alone, no matter how beautiful it is, is ultimately compared to its adjacent buildings. These days, with a little surfing in the top areas of Tehran and other metropolitan areas of Iran, we will encounter with beautiful and seemingly aristocratic buildings, which called "Roman Facade". This research is aimed at studying the influence of Roman facades on the urban textures of Iran. The magnificent and seemingly aristocratic facades taken from the architecture of the classical Greek and Roman period, which have nothing to do with Iranian architecture, have led to a lack of visual harmony in urban textures. According to the results of statistical analysis of Expert Choice software and reviewing the opinions of experts in architecture and urban design, the most important factor affecting on urban facades is physical context and adaptation of the facades with urban context and due to the structural incompatibility of the neo-classical façade with the texture of the indigenous architecture of the region, such views cause inconsistency in the urban texture system of Iranian cities. Therefore, with solutions such as referring to the rich history of Iranian architecture and its eclecticism with the technology of the day, it is possible to satisfy the requirements of the society in a more favorable way so that by observing physical context, urban landscapes, with their personal character and credibility will be an element of unified society in the urban context system.
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