Special Features in Expressing the ‘Homeland’ Concept in the Yakut Heroic Epic Olonkho

Gulnara Egorovna Savvinova


Presently, the study of epic texts is undergoing one of the most significant stages of its development, i.e., a theoretical basis is being created and established. The theoretical category of epic studies is being thoroughly revisited from the point of view of its objectiveness, its ontological and specific nature, as well as its functionality and importance in the field of epic studies in general.

 Due to the growing interest in the humanities among scholars in the modern academic research society, the 21st century is unfolding in an essentially new research environment, which needs to be revisited and analyzed. The necessity to study the existing status of the topic under discussion is first of all justified by the fact that it encompasses a process of qualitative changes in the epic text representations, epic texts being a subject of humanitarian, historical and cultural studies; this is one of the key aspects in the epic studies as a whole and in the study of Yakut heroic epic olonkho in particular.

In the process of its establishment in the oral folklore tradition, the Yakut heroic epic olonkho underwent a process of transformation from a heroic epic to a philosophical and didactical one. The “multi-layer” content of the Yakut olonkho, which includes in itself the archaic and worldview components of the Yakut peoples’ culture, is a unique source for the historic and typological renewal of the various examples of traditional art, which is obliquely depicted in the epic texts.

Currently, a large scope of historical and graphical materials, literature on the study of the worldview depicted in the Yakut olonkho is easily accessible. The study of the world creation in the Yakut olonkho about the Middle World, and the native land in particular, where the bogatyr lives, is one of the main categories in theoretical epic studies.

The present article describes distinctive features in the depiction of the main character's homeland in Yakut epic olonkho in the context of a comparative study. By distinguishing its unique features in the image depiction of the main character's homeland, the role that the latter plays in the Yakut olonkho, we provide ourselves with an opportunity to reconstruct a traditional world representation, which would allow to achieve a better understanding of the outlook that the Yakut people had about themselves and the world in the ancient times.

Anahtar Kelimeler

Olonkho, Homeland, Country, Turkic-Mongolic epic traditions, Northern olonkho, Genesis, Archaism.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)


Ai-Huuchin (1977). Khakas heroic epic. Recorded and compiled by V. E. Maynogasheva. Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Argunov, V. G. & Pestereva, K, A. (2014). Archeology of the Stone Age of Central Yakutia. Current Issues of Social Sciences: Sociology, Political Science, Philosophy, History, No.35, 173-177.

Aydarova, D. M. (1993). Epic time and space in “Manas” epic. Abstract of thesis. Alma-Ata.

Betlingk, O. N. (1990). About language of the Yakuts. Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Bravina, R. I. (2005). Concept of life and death in the culture of ethnos: On the material of Sakha traditions. Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Gabysheva, L. L. (2003). In the context of the mythopoetic picture of the world (based on the language and culture of the Yakuts). Abstract of thesis. Moscow.

Gachev, G. D. (1999). National images of the world. Eurasia - the space of a nomad, a farmer and a highlander. Moscow: Institute DI-DIK.

Gorokhov, M. N. (2016). Warrior Kyydaannaah Kyys: olonkho. Yakutsk: Bichik.

Jung, K. G. (1996). Soul and myth. Six archetypes. Kiev: State Library of Ukraine for the Youth.

Kulun Kullustuur (1985). Narrator I. G. Timofeev-Teploukhov. Moscow: Main publishing house of Oriental literature.

Meletinsky, E. M. (2001). From myth to literature. Moscow: RSHU.

Nyurgun Bootur the Swift (1947). Narrator K. G. Orosin. Yakutsk: Yakut Publishing House.

Ochi-Bala (1997). Altai heroic epic: Ochi-Bala. Kan-Altyn. Narrators A. Kalkin, T. Chachiyakov, S. Savdin. Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Oinoshev, V. P. (2006). System of mythological symbols in Altai heroic epic. Gorno-Altaisk: AKIN.

Pekarsky, E. K. (1959). Dictionary of Yakut language. Moscow: Publishing House of USSR AS.

Potanin, G. N. (1881). Essays of North-Western Mongolia. Vol. 2. Saint-Petersburg: V. Kirshbaum Press.

Potapov, L. P. (1953). Essays on Altai history. Moscow-Leningrad: Publishing House of USSR AS.

Pukhov, I. V. (2004). Heroic epic Altai-Sayan peoples and Yakut olonkho. Yakutsk: Publishing House of SB RAS.

Putilov, B. N. (1997). Epic storytelling: Typology and ethnic specify. Moscow: Oriental literature.

Robbek, L. V. (2009). Functional and semantic features of the olonkho language (lexicographic aspect). Abstract of thesis. Moscow.

Sagalaev, A. M.; Oktyabrskaya, I. V.; Lvova, E. L. & Usmanova, M. S. (1988). The traditional worldview of the Turkics of Southern Siberia. Space and time. The real world. Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Sagalaev, A. M.; Oktyabrskaya, I. V.; Lvova, E. L. & Usmanova, M. S. (1989). The traditional worldview of the Turkics of Southern Siberia. Human. Society. Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Sagalaev, A. M.; Oktyabrskaya, I. V.; Lvova, E. L. & Usmanova, M. S. (1990). The traditional worldview of the Turkics of Southern Siberia. Sign and rite. Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Schternberg, L. Ya. (1936). Primitive religion in the light of ethnography: research, articles, lectures. Leningrad: Publishing House of Institute of North peoples of USSR CEC.

Semenova, L. N. (2006). Epic world of Olonkho: spatial organization and plot. Saint-Petersburg: Petersburg Oriental Studies.

Sevortian, E. V. (1974). Etymological dictionary of Turkic languages (common Turkic and inter-Turkic bases on vowels). Moscow: Nauka.

Sleptsov, P. A. (1989). Olonkho language: lexis and semantic. Yakut language: lexicology, lexicography. Yakutsk: YSC SB USSR AS, 5-22.

The Mighty Er Sogotokh (1996). Narrator V. O. Karataev. Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Thematic Philosophical Dictionary (2008). Compiled by N. A. Nekrasova, S. I. Nekrasov, O. G. Sadikova. Moscow: MSU.

Toporov, V. N. (1971). On structure of some archaic texts correlated with the concept of the “world tree”. Proceedings on landmark systems. 284/V. Tartu, 9-62.

Typology of national epic (1975). Moscow: Nauka.

Yadrikhinsky, P. P. (2011). Dzhyrybyna Dzhyrylyatta the Girl warrior. Yakutsk: Saidam.

Yastremsky, S. V. (1929). Patterns of Yakut literature. Leningrad: Nauka.

Zhukovskaya, N. L. (1986). Space and time in worldview of Mongols. Myths, cults, rites of the peoples of foreign Asia. Moscow: Nauka, 118-135.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v7i5.1910


  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.

Telif Hakkı (c) 2018 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.