The Life Journey and Creative Writing of the Yakut Classic Writer A. I. Sofronov: An Experience in Systemizing the History of Studying and Evaluating the Subject Matter

Valentina Grigoryevna Semyonova, Tatiana Nilovna Vasilyeva

Özet


The following research paper presents an analysis of the history of studying and evaluating the creative heritage of one of the founders of the Yakut literature A.I. Sofronov. Based on the archive database search and biographical methods, we gained and are sharing an experience in systemizing the periods of life and creative journey of the writer; we also provide a description of these specific time segments without any ideological imperatives.

The given research implements and introduces into the scientific use the archive and periodical materials published at the beginning of the 20th century as well as the literary critics materials written by the social activists of the republic and forbidden for a considerable amount of time. The study presents a genuine description of the impact caused by the decrees of the political party, which reflect the political situation in the country, and the impact it had on the evaluation of the writer's works. This paper also contains an analysis of the previous researches on the interpretation and opinions on the creative method of A.I. Sofronov.

The research is theoretically and methodologically based on a cultural-historical approach, which suggests that specific cultural-historical circumstances and social life have a formative impact on literature, and a biographical method, according to which a writer’s personal life experience and biography play a key role in study of his creative work. As no literary process is possible without the writers as individuals, it is important to study their creative writing through biographical method in order to develop a specific concept of the national literature history and to single out the periods of its development.

The present study justifies that the renown social and creative activist of Yakutia A.I. Sofronov is one of the key figures, whose creative writing played a significant role in forming and establishing Yakut national culture and literature; it also defined the entire trend of its development in the 20th and 21st centuries. The suggested timeline of the life and creative path of the writer is subdivided into six time-periods, which coincide with the social and political changes in the life of the society: I. 1914-1925; II. 1925-1942; III. 1942-1952; IV. 1952-1962; V. 1962-1986; VI. 1986 – present days. 

As a result, the given research helped to single out the features in studying and evaluating the creative writing journey of the writer covering various periods of the literary and critical works development in Yakutia: the principles and approaches, which remained unknown to reader earlier as well as the real existing literary and social-political events. 


Anahtar Kelimeler


Experience in systemizing, A.I. Sofronov, Archive materials, Study of the life and creative works of a writer, Development of the literary and critical thought.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Aan Tyl. Cholbon, 1926, Vol. 1, 40.

About bourgeois and nationalist perversions in interpretations of history of the Yakut literature. The resolution of bureau Yakut OK the CPSU of February 6, 1952. Socialist Yakutia, 1952, February 14, 1.

Arsharuni, A. (1927). About fight against nationalist ideology. Communistic revolution, Vol. 6, 30-36.

Basharin, G. P. (1994). Three Yakut realists and educators. Yakutsk: Republican society "Kniga".

Bordonsky, S. A. (1943). About Kulakovsky, Sofronov, and Neustroyev's literary "heritage". Yakutia Research Center at Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science Archive, fund 4, list 26, folder 42. Yakutsk.

Borisov S.; Surkov A. & Klimovich L. (1951). For the correct illumination of history of the Yakut literature. Pravda, 1951, December 10, 2.

Iezuitov, N. M. (1931). End to beauty. Proletarian culture, 1931, Vol. 4, 122-159.

Ivanov, A. A. & Kunde (1926). Fatalism, mysticism and symbolism in works by the Yakut writers. Autonomous Yakutia, 1926, January 17, March 18, 2.

Kanaev, N.; Efremov, G. & Tikhonov, G. (1952). Against perversions of questions of history of the Yakut literature. Socialist Yakutia, 1952, January 20, 2.

Kanaev, N. P. (1984). Origin and formation of literary criticism in Yakutia (1925-1940). Yakutsk: Yakutsk book house.

Kulakovskaya, L. R. (2008). Scientific biography of A.E. Kulakovsky. Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Lenin, V. I. (1973). Critical notes on an ethnic question. Complete works, Vol. 24. September, 1913 - March, 1914, Moscow: Publishing house of political literature, 113-150.

Leontiev, V. N. (1927a). About Yakut imaginative literature and its development. Cholbon, 1927, Vol. 5-6, 32-39.

Leontiev, V. N. (1927b). Questions on literature. Autonomous Yakutia, 1927, July 15, 16, 17, 2.

Nikiforov, V. V. & Kyulyumnyur (1923). Literary creativity of Yakuts. Life of nationalities, Books 3-4, Moscow, 112-116.

Oyunsky, P. A. (1926). The Yakut literature and its strength. Kyym, 1926, July 30, 2.

Petrosyan, A. (1961). Disputes on heritage. Znamya, 1961, Vol. 8, 204-213.

Potapov, S. (1927a). Alchemy of comrade Leontiev in questions of literature. Autonomous Yakutia, 1927, July 19, 2.

Potapov, S. (1927b). Yakutia imaginative literature and Komsomol. Autonomous Yakutia, 1927, June 4, 2.

Regulation of Bureau of the Yakut regional committee of the All-Union Communist Party of the Bolsheviks "About Kulakovsky, Sofronov, Neustroyev's literary heritage" in 1943, March 1. Po Leninskomu Puti, 1943, Vol. 3, Yakutsk, 40.

Regulation of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of the Bolsheviks in 1928, August 9, "About situation in the Yakut organization". Pravda, 1928, August 11.

Resolution of the Central Committee of the Russian communist party of the Bolsheviks "About policy of the party in the field of imaginative literature" in June 18, 1925. Pravda, 1925, July 1; Izvestiya of CC RCP(b), 1925, Vol. 25-26, 8-9.

National Archive of Sakha Republic, f. 3, list 3, folder 1111.

National Archive of Sakha Republic, f. 3, list 3, folder 731.

Spiridonov, I. G. (2012). G. P. Basharin and literary criticism. I. G. Spiridonov, Problems and results of our literature in the last century, Yakutsk: NEFU Publishing house.

Syromyatnikov, G. S. (1990). Literary and art criticism in Yakutia (1939-1975). Yakutsk: Book publishing house.

Vasilyev, G. M. (1965). A. I. Sofronov as a poet. Kyym, 1965, November 23, 2.

Zabolotskiy, N.; Zhirkov, I. & Kulachikov, S. (1930). About the current state and issues of the Yakut imaginative literature. Autonomous Yakutia, 1930, September 27.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v7i5.1906

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2018 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.