The Phenomenon of Spiritual Habitat in the Yakut Heroic Epic

Andrey Savvich Savvinov, Galina Grigorievna Sleptsova

Özet


In the Yakut heroic epic olonkho (“Nyurgun Bootur the Swift” by Platon A. Oyunsky, Elbet Bergen of N.T. Abramova), the main person is the hero of aiyy. He is called to protect his people and tribe. He is the guarantor of the “future life of the genus “Aiyy aimaga”, i.e. the tribe of divine origin, therefore, in accordance with its high purpose, the hero is portrayed as strong and majestic. He is opposed by the hero of the tribe “Abaasy aimaga” - literally a representative of the devil's tribe, who attacks people and abducts the beautiful bride, the future mother of the successor of the genus of Aiyy aimaga. The last circumstance in the world of the olonkho is a symbol of an assassination attempt on the bright future of people. Therefore, the hero of aiyy at the end defeats the hero of the tribe of “abaasy aimaga”. But not everything is so simple. In the single combat of the hero of the tribe of “aiyy aimaga” and the hero of the “abaasy aimaga”, the first hero does not always win. And the cause of the defeat is reduced not only to the sentences sent by higher forces for too arrogant attitude towards people of the Aiyy Aimaga family, the Higher Powers. This article is devoted to understanding the image of the hero “Ogo Tulayakh” (“Child-orphan”) from the genus of Aiyy aimaga. The authors set the task to show the spiritual, moral, emotional, intellectual potential of the olonkho “Nyurgun Bootur the Swift”, which is necessary to overcome the spiritual orphanhood of the individual. If a person does not know love, does not know the natural laws, the commandments of people's lives and therefore does not follow them, he considers himself to be abandoned and lonely. This is the manifestation of spiritual orphanhood. As a methodological principle of work, the olonkho is considered as the basic matrix in the spiritual development of a nation.

The novelty of the research is that the authors disclose through the images of the heroes of this olonkho the ways to overcome spiritual orphanhood. The practical significance of the research is that the philosophical conception of the development of value orientations of the Sakha ethnofor has been developed, it tried and tested basic components – the theoretical model, mechanisms, authoring methods, constitute the scientific basis for the development and preservation of ethno-value orientations, making optimal decisions on the acute problems of the cultural, spiritual, political coexistence and dynamic development of the representative of the Sakha ethnos.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Spiritual orphanhood, Olonkho, Person's value potential, Family, Sacred space of the family, Harmony of spouses, Female and male essence, Spiritual self-perfection, Love, Spirit, Gender, Truth, Higher Light Forces.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Andreeva, P. A. (2009). Culture “Women's World”: semantic-semiotic analysis. Tambov: G.R. Derzhavin Publishing house of Tambov state University.

Boytsov, Yu. I. (2008). About understanding of spiritual orphanhood. Bulletin of St. Petersburg University, 4, 189-195.

Lukina, A. G. & Doctorova, N. I. (2013). Spiritual potential of the Yakut epic. The heroic epic olonkho is a masterpiece of the oral and intangible heritage in the context of the epics of the peoples of the world. Materials of the international scientific conference. Publishing house of the NEFU, 381-388.

Lukina, A. G. & Doctorova, N. I. (2014). Spiritual potential of the Yakut epic. The Yakut heroic epic olonkho is a masterpiece of the oral and intangible heritage of mankind in the context of the epics of the peoples of the world. Materials of the International Scientific Conference. Publishing house of the NEFU, 381-388.

Middendorf, A. F. (1878). Travel to the North and East of Siberia. Part II. The indigenous inhabitants of Siberia. St. Petersburg: Printing house of the Imperial Academy of Sciences.

Oyunsky, P. A. (1982). Nyurgun Bootur the Swift: Yakut heroic epic – Olonkho. Yakutsk: Yakut publishing house.

Oyunsky, P. A. (2013). The fairy tale (olonkho) is its plot and content. Yakutsk: Saidam.

Pukhov, I. V. (2013). Olonkho is an ancient epic of the Yakuts. Yakutsk: Saidam.

Savvinov, A. S. & Sleptsova, G. G. (2017). Olonkho as a cumulative image of the world. Bulletin of NEFU. M.K. Ammosov. Series Epic Studies, 1(5), 64-70. doi: 10.25587/SVFU.2017.5.10808

Savvinov, A. S. (1995). Man through the prism of “Kut-sur.” Yakutsk: Yakut Publishing House.

Savvinov, A. S. (1997). System studies of objects of different nature. Moscow: Publishing house Science.

Soloviev, V. S. (1877). Three forces. Retrieved August 13, 2018 from http://www.vehi.net/soloviev/trisily.html

Soloviev, V. S. (1991). The meaning of love. Moscow: Contemporary.

Tsoraev, Z. U. (2010). Myth and epic as phenomena of consciousness and socio-cultural activity. St. Petersburg: Publishing house of the State University.

Zhirtueva, N. S. (2013). Love in immanent and transcendent-immanent mystical teachings of enlightenment. Bulletin of the Sevastopol National Technical University, 141, 50-54.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v7i4.1869

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2018 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.