Housing Shortage in Soviet Russia in 1920s

Julia Andreevna Mikulenok


The following article examines a housing shortage on the threshold of revolution and during the first decade after establishment of the Soviet regime. Problems, which had been accumulating during the period before the revolution, escalated in 1920s. The first decade after the establishment of the Soviet government, the housing crisis reached its peak throughout the country. Looking for a way out of the current situation, the Soviet authorities carried out a whole range of measures, including “ushchemleniye former”, the transfer of the private housing fund to housing associations, condensation, control of housing construction and the differential distribution of square meters. But, they resulted in “housing wars”. The article deals with the housing policy of Soviet regime. The article is based on the background of the control authorities, publications and private sources.

Anahtar Kelimeler

NEP, Housing shortage, Housing crisis, Municipalization, Communal flat, Housing conflicts, History of emotions.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)


Dikansky, M. G. (1908). The apartment problem and social experiences of its solution. St. Petersburg.

Dubrova, G. A. (1926). Housing construction in the cities of the North-Caucasian region. Housing construction, 1-2, 10-20.

Fight against the housing crisis in Moscow (1926). Housing construction. 3-4.

Housing desk book of Krasnodar (1923). Krasnodar.

Housing legislation: A collection of decrees, orders and instructions with comments (1926). Moscow.

Ketlinskaya, V. (1929). Life without control (sexual life and a family of working youth). Moscow.

Khitsenko, E. V. (2015). Tasks of the typification of housing construction in Western Siberia in the 1920s. Architecton: Izvestiya Vuzov, 49.

Konysheva, E. V. (2014). Perception of the European experience in urban planning and construction in Soviet Russia in the 1920s-1930s: stages and forms. Bulletin of Perm University, 2, 90-100.

Kozhany, P. (1924). Workers' home and way of life. Moscow.

Lebina, N. B. (2015). Soviet everyday life: norms and anomalies. From military communism to a great style. Moscow.

Letters to power. 1917-1927 (1998). Statements, complaints, denunciations, letters to state structures and Bolshevik leaders. Moscow.

Military barracks under residential buildings (1927). Housing construction. 4.

Nezhigay, E. N. (1999). City culture of the Kuban period NEP. Krasnodar.

On the question of the survey of the housing crisis (1927). Housing construction. 23-24. 3-5.

Orlov, I. B. (2010). Soviet everyday historical and sociological aspects of becoming. Moscow.

Pokrovskaya, M. I. (1903). By cellars, attics and corner apartments in St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg.

Ryshkov, V. A. (1908). The official apartment: Comedy in 4 acts. St. Petersburg.

Sosnovy, T. (1952). The Soviet Urban Housing Problem. American Slavic and East European Review, 11(4), 288-303. URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2492010 (accessed on 4.10.2013).

The Census of Moscow in 1882. Vol.1: Apartments and facilities (1885). URL: https://dlib.rsl.ru/viewer/01003910043?login=1#?page=94 (accessed on 3.07.2018).

The report on the work of the Smolensk Soviet of workers and Red Army deputies (1927). Materials for speakers. Smolensk.

Valevsky, N. (1923). Fight for housing (letter from Petrograd). Krasnoe znamya. 7.

Yampolsky, M. (1925). Cities-gardens on the idea of Howard. North-Caucasian region. Rostov-on-Don. 8. 97-104.

Zarubin, V. Ya. (1923). Dormitory. Moscow.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v7i5.1751


  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.

Telif Hakkı (c) 2018 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.