Investigation of Iran's Educational Structure during Qajar Era

Reza Yousefvand, Jila Rostami Hormoz, Mohsen Begdeli

Özet


During Qajar era, just like the earlier eras, the pedagogy was not provided to the public. The nobles and aristocrats used to appoint a tutor and most of talented and clever students have been deprived from pedagogy because of inadequate number of schools. This era is considered as the era of cultural changes and people movements. The era is also known as the era of passing from pre-modernistic Iran to developed Iran. Given the increased relations between Iran and Europe and construction of schools and sending students to Europe, different sciences were gradually propagated in Iran. Abbas Mirza imitated intentionally the similar corrective process devised in Ottoman Empire during Sultan Selim III sovereignty and started a military corrective plan entitled new system including introduction of European military technology and new methods of training soldiers. Thereby, other measures started to be taken including sending over students to overseas, translation of European books, establishment of print house, newspaper publish and other than these developments and changes made Iran shortcomings to become clear against Europe. Therefore, the first steps for education system development were taken in this era by Abbas Mirza and Ghaem Magham Farahani and followed by Mirza Taghi khan Amir Kabir. Thereby, the preliminary stages of modern era were taken.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Iran during Qajar era, Educational structure, Abbas Mirza, Foreign education institutes, Dar al-funun, Maktab khaneh (School House).

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Adamiat, Fereydoon (2005). Amir Kabir and Iran. Tehran: Kharazmi publications.

Azizi, Mohamad Hassan & Others (2014). Dispatched Iranian medical students abroad, Tehran: Kharad Nameh,

Benham, Jamshid (1996). Iranians and modernization thought. Tehran: ForoozanRooz Publications.

Curzon, George Nathaniel (2001). Iran and Iran case. Translated by Gholamali Vahid Mazandarani. Tehra:, Elmivafarhangi Publications.

Dolatabadi, Yahya (1983). Life of Yahya. Tehran: Attar & Ferdowsi Publications

Eghbal, Ashtiani (2014). Abbas and others, History of Iran after Islam (from Islam Era to Pahlavi), (3rd ed.). Tehran: Narmak Publications.

Eynolsaltaneh (1995). Ghahraman Mirza Saloor, memorials of Eynolsaltaneh newspaper, corrected by Masoud Saloor & Iraj Afshar, Tehran: Asatir Publications.

Flonden, Eugene (1977). Travelogue to Iran. Translated by Hossein Noor Sadeghi. Tehran: Ashrafi Publications.

Ghasemipooya, Eghbal (1998). New schools during Qajar era, pioneers. Tehran: University Press center.

Jamalzadeh, Mohammadali (2001). Memorials of Mohammadali Jamalzadeh, by Iraj Afshar and Ali Dehbashi. Tehran: Shahab Sagheb Publications, Sokhan.

Jamalzadeh, Mohammadali (2001). SaroTah-e YekKarbas, by Ali Dehbashi. Tehran: Sokhan.

Kasravi, Ahmad (2000). History of Iran constitution, Tehran: Seday Moa’ser.

Khormoji, Mohammad Jafar (1965). Haghayegh Akhbar Naseri, by Hossein Khadiv Jam. Tehran: Zavar Publications.

Mahboobi Ardakani, Hossein (1991). History of modern institutes. Tehran: University of Tehran Publications.

Mohit Tabatabaei, Mohammad (1996). Analytic history of Iran's press. Tehran: Besat Publications.

Nategh, Homa (1986). Cultural results in Iran. Khavaran publications.

Pasandideh, Morteza (1996). Memorials of Ayatollah Pasandideh, by Mohammad Javad Moradinia. Tehran: Hadis Publications.

Ravandi, Morteza (2004). Iran's social history. Tehran: Negah Publications.

Ringer, Monik (2002). Teaching religion and cultural reform discourse in Qajar era. Translated by Mehdi Haghighatkhah. Tehran: Ghoghnoos Publications.

Soltanian, Abootaleb (2010). The final performance of French teaching in Iran from early Qajar era to the First World War. Islamic Civilization history research, 4, fall and winter.

Torabi Farsani, Soheila (2010). Selected documents of education system of National Council.

Varahram, Gholamreza (2006). Political history and social organizations of Iran during Qajar era. Tehran: Moin Publications.

Yousofvand, Reza & Rostami Hormoz, Jila (2017). Assessing cultural policies of governors of Iran during Qajar era. Master degree thesis, (by Jila Rostami, supervisor: Reza Yousofvand). Tehran Payam Noor University.

Yousefvand, Reza (2013). The court of Iran in the Qajars, Ysuj: Chuil International publication.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v7i2.1482

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2018 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.