Technology Transfer in Digital Era: Legal Environment


  • Ivan Anatol’yevich Bliznets
  • Aleksandr Amiranovich Kartskhiya
  • Mikhail Guramovich Smirnov



Intellectual property rights, Innovation, Intellectual property transfer, Means of technology transfer, Digital revolution.


The spread of disruptive technology in the digital era is the ruling condition of modern sustainable development. The authors proceed from the fact that legal tools for the creation and use, protection of advanced technologies provide the technology transfer process from the owner to interested parties for further practical, commercial application or further improvement. The article analyzes the legal positions of the concept of technology, legal ways to use modern technologies, stages of their implementation and practical application. In the innovation process legal mechanism in combination with the modern means of innovative development stimulates the creation and transfer of new technologies and at the same time it is a key factor for sustainable development in the context of modern digital technology revolution. In the modern digital revolution, the technology transfer acquires new features and ways for the dissemination of technical innovation, which creates new challenges for legal theory and practice, and legal tools should meet the challenges of the time.


BCG Focus (2015). Industry 4.0: The Future of Productivity and Growth in Manufacturing Industries. April 2015. Available at:

Bouchoux, D. E. (2017). Intellectual Property: The Law of Trademarks, Copyrights, Patents, and Trade Secrets. Cengage learning.

Christensen, C. M. (1997). The Innovator’s Dilemma. When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Cook, T. (2014). The New EU Guidelines of Technology Transfer Agreements. Journal of Intellectual Property Rights, 19, 229-233.

European Union (2013). European Competitiveness Report 2013 «Towards knowledge-driven Reindustrialization». EC Report, 2013. Available at:

European Union (2014). Guidelines on the application of Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to technology transfer agreements. Communication from the Commission (2014). 2014/C 89/03/. Р.44-45. Available at:

European Union (2014). Technology Transfer Block Exemption Regulation (the TTBER). COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 316/2014 of 21 March 2014 on the application of Article 101(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to categories of technology transfer agreements. Available at:

European Union (204). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the regions. Brussels, 22.1.2014 COM (2014). Available at:

Falvey, R.; Foster, N. & Memedovic, O. (2006). The Role of Intellectual Property Rights in Technology Transfer and Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence. UNIDO, Vienna. 2006. Available at:

Gorodov, O. A. (2010). Legal protection and use of integrated technologies created on or using budget means. Moscow: Walters Kluver.

Kartskhiya, A. A. (2017). Digital imperative: new technologies create new reality. Intellectual property, 8, 17-25.

Maskus, K. E. (2003). Transfer of technology and technological capacity building. ICTSD-UNCTAD.

PwC (2015). The World in 2050. Will the shift in global economic power continue?. Available at:

Sampath, P. & Roffe, P. (2012). Unpacking the International Technology Transfer Debate: Fifty Years and Beyond. International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD). Geneva, Switzerland, 2012. Available at:

Schumpeter, J. A. (1950). Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy (3rd ed.). New York: Harper and Brothers.

Stim, R. W. (2000). Intellectual Property: Patents, Trademarks and Copyrights. West legal studies.

The Civil Code of the Russian Federation, Chapter 77, Part 4.

WIPO (2017). Licensing and Technology Transfer. Available at:




How to Cite

Bliznets, I. A., Kartskhiya, A. A., & Smirnov, M. G. (2018). Technology Transfer in Digital Era: Legal Environment. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 7(1), 354-363.