State Reforms in the Field of Education in Russia (Late 18th-Early 19th Centuries)
Keywords:The history of Russia at the end of the 18th - early 19th centuries, Reforms in the field of education, Empress Catherine II, Emperor Paul I, Emperor Alexander I.
The article examines the state policy of Russia in the field of education during the late 18th - early 19th centuries. This period is characterized by a great democratization of education and the definition of new goals, objectives and content of education: the professional training of a young person becomes inseparable from the education of a citizen - a patriot of a state and a broadly enlightened personality in different sciences. The paper analyzed historical documents (orders of Russian emperors concerning public education, school and university statutes, historical references). In the chronological order, state reforms in the field of education in Russia were constructed and characterized at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries, the statistical data on the number of pupils, teachers and schools within the period under review were presented.
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