Semantic Field of ‘Wish/Desire’ in the Tatar Language
Keywords:Wish/desire, Semantics, Lexical unit, The Tatar language, Dictionary definition, Linguistic category.
The problems of interdependence of linguocognitive and linguoculturological advanced the cognitive approach in language learning to the forefront. Considering linguistic and extralinguistic knowledge as a comprehensive whole conditioned by correlation between language, thinking, world image, national and cultural peculiarities and human world. In the 21st century each language is like a determining feature of a man, which serves the purposes of communication and is the store of information, accumulated by speech community, as well as fountain of national originality and cultural values. It is the language that is a means of knowing the language speaker, approach to his consciousness, to the discrete units–concepts, national lexemes, language units. One cognizes the linguistic world image and national picture of the world through the linguistic categories. In connection with the above-mentioned, we are interested in analyzing a linguistic category / a concept that expresses the semantic category such as wish/desire in the Tatar language. In the process of studying the linguistic category “wish” and revealing the linguistic means in Tatar, we have found that “wish” acquires a variety of means of linguistic representation – lexically full-value units, syntactic word-combinations, morphological categories and others. For that reason, a diversity of means allowed of our believing that the representation of the structure of linguistic category “wish/desire” in the Tatar language as a functional-semantic field of desire is perspective.
Alephirenko, N. F. (2013). General Linguistics. The History and Theory of Language. Мoscow: Azbukovnik.
Apresyan, Y. D. (2011). Toward the New Version about the Theory of Lexical Functions (LF). International Conference Devoted to 50th Anniversary of Petersburg Typological School. The Materials and Thesis of the Reports. Saint Petersburg, pp. 21-26.
Apresyan, Yu. D. (1999). Linguistic Theory and Systematic Lexicography. Anzeiger für Slawische Philologie. Graz. Band XXVI. pp. 21-36.
Ashparova, А. K. (2014). About Expressing the Category of Desirability in the Tatar and the English Languages (by the example of optative and desiderative) II Philology and Culture. Kazan: Kazan University Press, 1, 7-14.
Bashkov, D. А. (2002). The Category of Wish in Modern Psychoanalysis. URL: http://paradigma/narod.ru/02/bashkov.html
Blonsky, P. P. (1965). Psychology of Desire. Issues of Psychology, 5, 112-137.
Clark, E. V. (2002). Making use of pragmatic inferences in the acquisition of meaning. In D. Beaver, S. Kaufmann, B. Clark, and L. Casillas (eds.), The Construction of Meaning, 45–58. Stanford, CA: CSLI.
Flexner, S. B. (ed.) (1988). The Random House Dictionary of the English Language. New York: Random House.
Fodor, J. (2001). Language, thought and compositionality. Mind and Language, 16, 1-15.
Fowler, H. W. & Fowler, F. G. (eds.) (1956). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English. London: Oxford University Press.
Guralnik, D. (ed.) (1971). Webster’s New World Dictionary of the American language. New York: A Meridian Book.
Hornby, A. S. (1986). Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English. Oxford: OUP.
Humboldt, W. (1984). Von. The Selected Works on Linguistics. Мoscow: Progress.
Karasik, V. I. (2004). Language Circle: Person, Concepts, Discourse. Мoscow.
Kirkpatrick, E. M. (ed.) (1993). Chambers Universal Learner’s Dictionary. Edinburgh: Chambers.
Kolosova, М. V. (2013). Lexical Means for Expressing Desirability in the English and the Russian Languages (Contrastive Analysis). Thesis for Candidate of Philological Sciences. Moscow.
Lacan, J. (1977). Ecrits: A Selection, Translated by Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock.
Lakoff, G. (1990). The Invariance Hypothesis: is Ab-stract Reason Based on Image-schemas. Cognitive Linguistics. New York.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (1993). Harlow: Longman.
Luchenbroers, J. (1996). Schematic Representation of Discourse Structure. In A. E. Goldberg (ed.), Conceptual structure, Discourse and Language, (347-368). Stanford.
Macey, D. (1999). About Lacan’s Subject. URL: http://ruthenia.ru/ogos/number/1999_05/1999_5_16.htin
Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners (2012). Oxford, United Kingdom.
Makeeva, Е. Y. (2006). Functional and Semantic Field as the Means of Representation of the Concept “Desire” in the English Language (in Synchrony and Diachrony). Thesis for Candidate of Philological Sciences. Samara.
Maslova, V. А. (2008). Modern Trends in Linguistics. Мoscow.
Masterskikh, S. V. (2004). The Concept “Desire” in Contrastive Aspect: On the Material of Verbal Lexemes of Russian, English and German.
Morris, W. (ed.) (1970). The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Boston: American Heritage Publishing Co.
Popova, Z. D. & Sternin, I. А. (2007). Cognitive Linguistics. Мoscow.
Shaiakhmetova, L. K. & Shayakhmetova, L. K. (2016). The representation of the concept «journey» in the author’s picture of the world of J. Tolkien (by example of his novel «hobbit or there and back again»). Journal of Language and Literature, 7(3), 91-95.
Shatunovsky, I. B. (1989). Propositional Attitudes: Will and Desire. Logical Analysis of Language. The Problems of Intentional and Pragmatic Contexts, (pp. 155-185). Мoscow: Science.
Sinclair, J. (eds.) (1987). Collins COBUILD English Language Dictionary. London, Glasgow: Collins.
Tatar Explanatory Dictionary (1977). Татар теленең аңлатмалы сүзлеге. Өч томда. II T. - Татар, кит. нэшр.
Tatar Explanatory Dictionary (1981). Татар теленең аңлатмалы сүзлеге. Өч томда. III Т. - Татар, кит. нэшр.
The Dictionary of Synonyms (1999). Ханбикова Ш.С., Сафиуллина Ф.С. Синонимнарсүзлеге. - Казан: Хэтер, 1999. - 255 б.
Wierzbicka, A. (1972). Semantic primitives. Frankfurt: Athenaum.
Wierzbicka, A. (1980). Lingua Mentafis. The Semantics of Natural Language. Sydney: Academy Press.
Wierzbicka, A. (1992). Semantics, Culture and Cognition. Oxford, University Press.
Zherebilo, Т. V. (ed.) (2010). The Dictionary of Linguistic Terms: Edition 5, revised and enlarged. Nazran: The Publishing House “Pilgrim”.
Zhuk, Е. А. (1994). Contrastive Analysis of Core Predicates of Desire in Russian and English (Pragmasemantic Aspects). Thesis for Candidate of Philological Sciences. Krasnodar.
How to Cite
LicenseAll papers licensed under Creative Commons 4.0 CC-BY.
- Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
- Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
Under the following terms:
- No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.