Pavel Ivanovich Melnikov as Writer and Ethnologist

Yulia A. Martynova, Dmitry E. Martynov, Ramil M. Valeev, Alim M. Abidullin

Özet


This article is devoted to one of the aspects of intellectual heritage of P. Melnikov. Pavel Ivanovich Melnikov (1819-1883) was an ethnographer-fiction writer who based the descriptions on big actual and documentary material, giving it art and literary interpretation. His main ethnographic work is the "Mordva sketches" published in 1867 in the Russian Bulletin magazine, but not finished. The analysis of his publications shows that actually the ethnography of mordva had no self-sufficing value for P. I. Melnikov. Melnikov shared the idea of Slavic cultural and historical type, general for Slavophiles-pochvenniks, which during historical development assimilate Finno-Ugric tribes. The article is based on application of a comparative method, and comparison to N. Danilevsky's treatise "Russia and Europe" allowed to draw a conclusion that Melnikov and Danilevsky's approach concerning situation "of foreigners" in the Russian Empire coincided in a position concerning paganism. Traditional beliefs of the people of the Volga region were considered by them as reflection and memory of ancient Slavic paganism. The historical past of Slavs and finno-ugrs was considered by Melnikov-Pechersky as the general, and modern condition of traditional family institutes and pagan religious representations seemed to them the direct evidence of old Slavic common life. From the point of view of modern historical science Melnikov-Pechersky came to a right conclusion about the early beginning of a Salvic incorporation of the Finno-Ugric population of the Volga region. Their descriptions of life and religion of mordva keep value of the important primary source. This question occupied Danilevsky in the last turn. This study can be of interest to ethnographers and researchers of the Russian social thought of the 19th century.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Ethnography, Cultural-historical types, Philosophy of history, Finno-Ugric tribes, Slavic tribes, Russian Empire, P.I. Melnikov-Pechersky, N.Y. Danilevsky.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Dmitriev, A. P. (2012). Overcoming of "Religious Intolerance": Old Belief Theme in Russian Literature of the 1870-1880th (I.S. Aksakov, N.P. Gilyarov-Platonov, N.S. Leskov, and others). Bulletin of the Russian Christian Humanitarian Academy, 13(4), 180 - 189.

Etkind, A. (2013). Internal Colonization: Russia's Imperial Experience. Cambridge: John Wiley & Sons.

Faizrakhmanova, L. T. & Kovrikova, E. V. (2017). The Ethno-Confessional Relations in the Context of Culture and Education (Kazan province, XVIII - beginning of XX century). Bylye Gody, 43(1), 30-38.

Karpov, A. (2016). Pavel Melnikov's "Essays of Mordovians" and the Problem of Ethnic Interpretation of "Rebellion of the Magi" (1071). Universum, 12(30). URL: http://7universum.com/ru/social/archive/item/4110

Kudrina, L. & Selezneva, L. (2013). P.I. Melnikov-Pechersky, His life and works: Bibliographic index, ed. by F. Seleznev. Nizhny Novgorod: RIO NGOUNB.

Mikhailova, S. & Korshunova, O. (2005). Kazan: Traditions of ethnocultural interaction of peoples. Vysshee Obrazovanie v Rossii, 10, 151-155.

Niezen, R. (2010). Public Justice and the Anthropology of Law. Cambridge University Press.

Plokhy, S. (2014). The Cossack Myth: History and Nationhood in the Age of Empires. Cambridge University Press.

Saberov, A. (2015). Priestly Traditions Mordovians in XVIII-XXI centuries. Colloquium heptaplomeres, 2, 48-54

Shaldenkova, M. V. (2013). P.I. Melnikov as a Researcher of Mordovians. Voprosy Istorii, 3, 147 - 149.

Sokolova, V. F. (1981). P.I. Melnikov (Andrey Pechersky): Essay on life and work. Gorky: Volgo-Vyatka Book publishing house.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v6i6.1323

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2017 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.