"Oriental Component" and Socio-Cultural Environment in Kazan in the Early 1920s


  • Olga Yuryevna Nivina
  • Dmitry Evgenyevich Martynov
  • Yulia Aleksandrovna Martynova
  • Ramil Mirgasimovich Valeev




History, Cultural history, Ethnography, Sociocultural environment, N. Katanov.


This research investigates some aspects of a sociocultural situation in Kazan in the first years of the Soviet power. The research is conducted in the context of development of musical culture and education. The main method is biographic, and the institutional biography with the emphasis on the identity of orientalists, especially Nikolay Katanov is considered (1862-1922). The major conclusion is that all major actions of the Soviet power in the field of music education were prepared by processes in orientalist community, since the end of the 19th century. It is shown that representatives of suburbs of the Russian Empire gave help to capital scientists in carrying out researches and began to have significant effect on representations of the teachers. This influence readily admitted, as well as full equality. An example is the scientific and cultural environment of Kazan in which interest of the authorities, served musical and scientific community to culture of the people of the East as an incentive to creation in Kazan of the first special musical facility - East conservatory in 1921. Materials of the research are of interest as to researchers of the sociocultural environment in Russia in the 1920th years, and to historians of culture and music education.


Faizrakhmanova, L. T. & Kovrikova, E. V. (2017). The Ethno-Confessional Relations in the Context of Culture and Education (Kazan province, XVIII - beginning of XX century). Bylye Gody, 43(1), 30-39.

Huntington, S. P. (2011). The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks.

Khalid, A. (1998). The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Martynova, Yu. A. (2013). The system of secondary specialized music education in Kazan (1917-1960): Formation and development. Ph.D. dissertation. Kazan, Kazan State University of Culture. (In Russian)

Repina, L. P. (2011). History at the border of the XX-XXI cc.: Social theories and historiographical practices. Moscow: Krugh. (In Russian)

Rorlich, A. A. (2017). Volga Tatars: A Profile in National Resilience. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press.

Safiullina, E. Yi. (2014). Revisiting the collection of Tatar musical-ethnographic materials by the teachers of the Kazan ecclesiastical academy in the context of their missionary-educative activity (19th century). Terra Sebus: Acta Musei Sabesiensis, Special Issue, 45-53.

Safiullina, E. Yi. (2014). The Role of the Emperor's University of Kazan in the History of Formation of Tatar Musical Ethnography (XIX - Early XX Century). Bylye Gody, 31(1), 99-102.

Tolz, V. (2011). Russia’s Own Orient: The Politics of Identity and Oriental Studies in the Late Imperial and Early Soviet Periods. Oxford University Press.

Valiahmetova, A. N.; Salpykova, I. M. & Nurgayanova, N. K. (2014). Music teacher to-be tolerance formation in the multicultural educational environment by means of musical art. Life Science Journal, 11(9), 396-400.




How to Cite

Nivina, O. Y., Martynov, D. E., Martynova, Y. A., & Valeev, R. M. (2017). "Oriental Component" and Socio-Cultural Environment in Kazan in the Early 1920s. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 6(5), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v6i5.1306