Migrant Image as an "Other Some" in the Russian Mass Media


  • Roman P. Bakanov
  • Lilia G. Egorova
  • Dmitriy V. Tumanov




Migrant, Concept, Stereotype, Image, Language of enmity.


This article reveals the main approaches and methods of forming a perception stereotype of the migrant image as "other some" in the Russian mass media. The authors of this article analyzed three federal print publications - "Rossiyskaya Gazeta", "Trud" and "Komsomolskaya Pravda", characterized as mass editions, which enabled to make the most complete coverage of several segments of the readership and to highlight the most widespread meaning of the "migrant" concept in the public consciousness. The study of the dynamics of using the "migrant" concept for the period of 2000-2013 in the Russian print media made it possible to conclude that there were shifts towards a positive assessment of "other some". If the "language of enmity" was used in the public consciousness to form the migrant image at the beginning of the period under investigation, which led to the consolidation of migrant phobia, then the situation changed by 2013 - the migrant image was more often associated with a victim of interethnic tension and corruption. The new migrant image is the image of a migrant who has not found a better life, but has adopted Russia as a second home and therefore trying to adopt new standards and living conditions and helping to solve many of the social and economic problems of Russian society. 


Ageyev, V. S. (1987). Stereotyping as a Mechanism of Social Perception. In G.M. Andreyeva & Ya. Yanoushek (eds.), Communication and Optimization of Joint Activities, (pp. 177-188). Мoscow: Publishing House of the Moscow University. (In Russian).

Aronson, E.; Wilson, T. D. & Akert, R. M. (2005). Social Psychology. New Jersey: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Beller, M. & Leerssen, J. (eds.) (2007). Imagology: The Cultural Construction and Literary Representation of National Characters: A Critical Survey. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Cinnirella, M. (1997). Ethnic and National Stereotypes: a social identity perspective. Amsterdam.

Dukic, D. (2009). The Concept of the Cultural Imagery: Imagology With and Not Against the Early Völkerpsychologie. In E. F. Coutinho (ed.), Discontinuties and Displacements: Studies in Comparative Literature, (pp. 71-80). Rio de Janerio: Aeroplano Editora.

Karasik, V. I. (2004). Language Circle: Personality, Concepts, Discourse. Мoscow: Gnozis, 2004. (In Russian).

Katz, D. & Braly, K. W. (1933). Racial stereotypes of one hundred college students. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 28, 280-290.

Kubryakova, E. S. (1996). Concept. Brief Dictionary of Cognitive Terms, (pp. 90-93). Мoscow: Publishing House of the Moscow State University. (In Russian).

Leerssen, J. (2007). Imagology: History and Method. In Beller, M., & Leerssen, J. (eds.), Imagology: The Cultural Construction and Literary Representation of National Characters: A Critical Survey, (pp. 17-32). Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Lippmann, W. (1922). Public Opinion. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co.

Maksimova, S. G. (2014). The Image of "Other Some" as a Structural Component of National Identity: Constructivist Paradigm. News of the Altai State University, 2, 248-252. (In Russian).

Marshuba, D. A. (2015). Problem of Classification of Research Areas in Imagology. Young Scientist, 6, 532-535. (In Russian).

Menert, E. (ed.) (2003). Worlds of Images - Images of the World: Handbook of Imagology. Volgograd. (In Russian).

Moyle, L. R. (2004). Drawing Conclusions: An Imological Survey of Britain and the British and Germany and the Germans in German and British Cartoons and Caricatures, 1945-2000. Osnaburck.

Mukha, V. N. & Kurbalenko, M. A. (2014). The Image of "Other Some" in the Ethnic Identity Structure of the Population of the Krasnodar Territory. Concept, 20, 2651-2655. URL: http://e-koncept.ru/2014/54794.htm (In Russian).

Oakes, P.; Haslam, A. & Turner, J. (1994). Stereotyping and Social Reality. Oxford.

Oschepkov, A. R. (2010b). Imagology: Encyclopedia of Humanities, 1. URL: http://www.litdefrance.ru/199/1217 (In Russian).

Oschepkov, А. R. (2010a). Imagology in the Course "Theory of Culture". Higher Education for the XXI Century: VII International Scientific Conference. Moscow, November 18-20, 2010: Reports and Materials. Section 6. Higher Education and World Culture. Series 2 / Editor in Charge V.A. Lukov, N.V. Zakharov, pp. 53-58. (In Russian).

Pageaux, D. H. (1981). Une perspective d’etudes en literature compare: l’imagerie culturelle. Synthesis. Bucarest, VIII. pp. 169-185.

Papilova, Е. V. (2011). Imagology as a Humanitarian Discipline. Bulletin of the Moscow State University for Humanities named after M.A. Sholokhov. Philological Sciences, 4, 31-40. (In Russian).

Polyakov, О. Yu. (2014). Formation and Development of the Imagology Categorial Apparatus. Bulletin of the Vyatka State University, 9, 125-134. (In Russian).

Repina, L. P. (2012). "National Character" and the Image of "Other Some". Dialogue with Time, 39, 9-19. (In Russian).

Savelyev, A. N. (2010). Enemy Image: Rasology and Political Anthropology. Мoscow: Knizhnyi Mir. (In Russian).

Senyavskiy, A. S. & Senyavskaya, E. S. (2006). Historical Imagology and the Problem of Forming the "Enemy Image" (on the Materials of the Russian History of the XX century). Bulletin of the Russian University of Peoples' Friendship: Series: Russian History, 2(6), 54-72. (In Russian).

Stefanenko, T. (2009). Ethnopsychology. Мoscow: Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences. (In Russian).

Stepanov, Yu. S. (1997). Constants. Dictionary of Russian Culture. Study Experience. Мoscow. (In Russian).

Swiderska, M. (2013). Comparativist Imagology and the Phenomenon of Strangeness. CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture, 15(7), 1-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7771/1481-4374.2387

Tajfel, H. & Wilkes, A. L. (1963). Classification and quantitative judgment. British Journal of Psychology, 54, 101-114.

Taramaa, R. (2007). Stubborn and Silent Finns with «Sisu» in Finnish-American Literature. Oulu: Oulu University Press.

Teliya, V. N. (2002). The Object of Linguoculturology between the Scylla of Linguistic and Creative Language Technique and the Charybdis of Culture (to the Problem of Private Epistemology), (pp. 89-97). With Love of Language: Collection of Scientific Works. Voronezh: Publishing House of the Voronezh State University. (In Russian).

Van Dijk, T. (1991). Racism and the Press. London: Routledge.

Zemskov, V. B. (2015). The Image of Russia in the Modern World and the Other Subjects. Moscow: Tsentr. (In Russian).




How to Cite

Bakanov, R. P., Egorova, L. G., & Tumanov, D. V. (2017). Migrant Image as an "Other Some" in the Russian Mass Media. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 6(5), 145-151. https://doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v6i5.1262