The Comparative Study of Art of Manufacturing Orosi and Stained Glass Windows in Iran and Europe

Zahra Sadat Abooei Mehrizi, Mohsen Marasy

Özet


For a long time, glass manufacturing art has been globally common. There are certain similarities between Stained Glass and Orosi works. Based on historical texts, peak of Orosi art in Iran occurred during the reign of Safavid dynasty while its fall was after Qajar era. After introduction to churches after 12th century, Stained Glass manufacturing art was officially recognized. In contemporary era, Orosi art has almost faded away since it did not adapt to architecture. Similarly, Stained Glass art did not develop after it was introduced to Iran. The objectives of comparison between these arts are clarification of effects of the two arts on each other as well as better understanding of Orosi glass and Stained Glass arts. From methodological viewpoint, this study is descriptive-analytical in nature. In order to obtain better results, similar and available works of Orosi and Stained Glass arts were studied. The results of comparing these two arts suggested similar manufacturing methods and designs. In addition, a common application of the two arts is communication of greatness of the building to visitors’ minds. Stained Glass was mostly used for representation of Christ’s story while Orosi art was commonly used for depicting geometrical patterns. As a result, Orosi art was not initially influenced by Stained Glass art. In some cases, one could claim that Stained Glass art was influenced by Orosi art. Numerous factors played a role in creating differences between these two arts among which one could point to climatic conditions and patrons of such arts. 


Anahtar Kelimeler


Orosi, Stained glass, Qajar era, Europe, Glass, Architectural decorations.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Amraei, Mahdi (2009). Orosi, Light Windows. Tehran: Semat publications.

Hicks, Oriel (2002). Beginners Guide to Stained & Decorative Glass. New York: Sterling Publishing.

McRee, Giorgettes B. & McRee, Livia (2003). Stained Glass: Exploring New Materials and New Technique. London: Apple Press.

Pabbaz, Roeen (2011). Encyclopedia of Art, (10th ed.). Tehran: Culture and Contemporary Art Publications.

Pirnia, Mohammad Karim (2011). Iran Architectural Stylistics: Islamic Period. Tehran: Memar Publications.

Serena, Carla (1982). Madame Carloserna's Travelogue: People and Rites in Iran, Translation by Ali Asghar Saeedi. Tehran: Zawar Publications.

Shardin (1995). The Knight Shardin Travelbook, Vol. II, Translation by Iqbali Ghamaee. Tehran: Toos.

Simson, Otto Von (1989). The Gothic Cathedral: Origins of Gothic Architecture and the Medieval Concept of Order. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Wrigley, Lynette & Gerstein, Marc (2003). The complete Stained Glass course. How to Master Every Major Glass Work Technique. London: Apple Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v6i6.1231

Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.




Telif Hakkı (c) 2017 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.