The Civil War in Spain, 1936-1939 and the Image of Enemy in the British Fascist Press

Vera V. Malay, Svetlana U. Krupskaya, Marina S. Orehova, Andrey P. Urivskii, Nickolay N. Fomichev


The article deals with the analysis of publications of British Fascists newspapers 'Action' and 'The Blackshirt' during the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. The main directions of image of enemy formation are studied on the example of these papers. Forms of presentation and ways of international problems interpreting by far-right publications are studied. The fascist newspaper Action, The Fascist Week and The Blackshirt spoke from the position of nationalism, Imperial identity, anti-liberalism, anti-Soviet and anti-Semitism. The concept of "communism" in the pages of the fascist press has accumulated the most precisely the image of enemy. Articles and notes shaped confusion between "Soviet", "red" and "Communist". The USSR seemed to be "the warmonger" and the "architect of the Civil war in Spain". The destructive role of Soviet Russia in the conflict was proved in the British fascist press. Soviet Union was accused of seeking to plunge Spain and Europe into anarchy. In British fascist publications trend towards stereotyping and myth-making were noticeable, they were opposed to "Western" civilization (as individualistic) and "Eastern", "Communist" (oppressive, traditionalist).

Anahtar Kelimeler

The Spanish Civil War, The Propaganda War, The image of enemy, The far-right press, The British Union of Fascists, The British fascist press Action, The Blackshirt.

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)


Archive of foreign policy of the Russian Federation (AVP RF). Fund 05, record series 16, file 119. (In Russian).

Bolshakov, A. (1992). Angliiskie conservatory I fashism: problemi vsaimodeistviia//Iz britanskoi istorii novogo I noveishego vremeni. Chelaybinsk.

Carr, E. H. (1939). Propaganda in International Relations. Oxford.

Cockett, R. (1989). Twilight of Truth: Chamberlain Appeasement and the Manipulation of the Press. N.Y.

Deacon, D. (2008). British News Media and the Spanish Civil War. Tomorrow May Be Too Late. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 101-102.

Desmond, R. W. (1937). The Press and World Affairs. L.

Documents on British Foreign Policy. 2nd ser. Vol.17. - Doc. 84.-P. 90-91. Sargent’s A. note of creating a hostile ideological blocs in Europe danger. Foreign Office, 12 August 1936; Paris-Soir. 1936. 8 Aug.

Fomichev, N. N. & Brosova, N. Z. (2010). Politicheskii plakat gradzdanskoi voini v Ispanii (1936-1939) kak sredstvo vizyalnoi propaganda// Naychnyie Vedomosti. BelGY. Seriia Istoriia. Politologiia. Ekonomika. Vip.7 (78), 82-89.

Malay, V. V. (2008). Evropa I Ispania (sentiabr 1936 – mai 1937)//Naychnyie Vedomosti. BelGY. Seriia Istoriia. Politologiia. Ekonomika. Vip.1 (41). Belgorod. S. 153-161;

Seamen, L. C. B. (1970). Life in Britain between the Wars. L. B.T. Batsford.

Watkins, K. W. (1963). Britain Divided. The Effect of the Spanish Civil War on British Political Opinion. L., Edinburg, Paris, Melbourne, Toronto a. N.Y.



  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.

Telif Hakkı (c) 2017 Journal of History Culture and Art Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.